19 results

Modeling Industrial Energy Demand in Saudi Arabia and Understanding Its Drivers
Productivity and Economic Diversification

Modeling Industrial Energy Demand in Saudi Arabia and Understanding Its Drivers

Shahad Alarenan, Anwar Gasim, Lester C. Hunt

In 2016 Saudi Arabia’s industrial (or manufacturing) sector accounted for 30.3% of total final energy consumption (IEA 2018a). When non-energy use (mainly feedstock for the petrochemical subsector) is included, the industrial sector᾽s share of total final energy consumption rises to…

Shahad Alarenan Alarenan, Shahad
Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
Lester C. Hunt Hunt, Lester C.
December 3, 2019
A global degree days database for energy-related applications
Models, Data and Tools

A global degree days database for energy-related applications

Energy

Weather can have a profound effect on energy consumption particularly with respect to hot and cold temperatures, driving residential and commercial energy demand. The cooling and heating degree day methodology has been often been regarded as a reliable means to…

Tarek Atalla, Silvio Gualdi, Alessandro Lanza

2018
Growth Through Diversification and Energy Efficiency: Energy Productivity in Saudi Arabia
Productivity and Economic Diversification

Growth Through Diversification and Energy Efficiency: Energy Productivity in Saudi Arabia

Steven Fawkes, Marzio Galeotti, Nicholas Howarth, Moncef Krarti, Alessandro Lanza, Padu Padmanabhan

With domestic energy demand in Saudi Arabia expected to potentially double by 2030, managing the relationship between energy consumption and economic growth will be very important for the Kingdom’s sustainable development. To assist in this task, this report recommends using…

Steven Fawkes Fawkes, Steven
Marzio Galeotti Galeotti, Marzio
Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
Moncef Krarti Krarti, Moncef
Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
Padu Padmanabhan Padmanabhan, Padu
November 24, 2017
The relationship between energy consumption and economic growth: Evidence from Azerbaijan

The relationship between energy consumption and economic growth: Evidence from Azerbaijan

International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy

The study investigates the causal relationship between energy consumption and economic growth in Azerbaijan using annual data covering the period from 1990 to 2015. We used Toda-Yamamoto causality test framework of vector autoregressive (VAR) model to test causal relationship between…

Jeyhun Mikayilov

2017
Efficient industrial energy use: The first step in transitioning Saudi Arabia’s energy mix

Efficient industrial energy use: The first step in transitioning Saudi Arabia’s energy mix

Energy Policy

In Saudi Arabia, industrial fuel prices are administered below international prices and firms make decisions based on low energy prices, increasing domestic energy demand. This analysis explores alternative policies designed to induce a transition to a more efficient energy system…

Walid Matar, Frederic Murphy, Axel Pierru, Bertrand Rioux, David Wogan

2017
LNG for Africa
Future of Natural Gas Markets

LNG for Africa

Though Africa is traditionally considered as an exporter of pipeline gas and liquefied natural gas (LNG), in future it could come to be seen as an LNG market. Until recently, financing issues, market conditions, price sensitivity and the small size…

November 24, 2016
Energy Productivity in the GCC: Evidence From an International Kuznets Curve Analysis
Productivity and Economic Diversification

Energy Productivity in the GCC: Evidence From an International Kuznets Curve Analysis

Marzio Galeotti, Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Lanza

This paper explores energy productivity trends at a national level for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and puts them in an international context. This analysis can be used as part of an evidence base for setting nationally…

Marzio Galeotti Galeotti, Marzio
Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
October 18, 2016
Quantifying Worldwide Demand Elasticities as a Policy Tool
Electricity Sector Transitions

Quantifying Worldwide Demand Elasticities as a Policy Tool

Carlo Andrea Bollino

This paper provides a comprehensive worldwide database of estimated elasticities for electricity and natural gas for households as a function of income, price, capital stocks and weather conditions.

Carlo Andrea Bollino Bollino, Carlo Andrea
August 10, 2016
Policymakers Guide to the Various Ways of Calculating Energy Productivity
Productivity and Economic Diversification

Policymakers Guide to the Various Ways of Calculating Energy Productivity

Anwar Gasim

The existence of multiple approaches to calculating energy productivity, with its resulting diverse outcomes, makes it difficult to draw meaningful comparisons between economies and monitor their progress over time. To understand better the implications of this, we conducted a systematic…

Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
June 13, 2016
Models for the economies and energy systems of GCC countries

Models for the economies and energy systems of GCC countries

Members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) play a key role in the global energy system. Collectively, in 2014 the six countries supplied the global market with over 28 million barrels of oil equivalent per day of oil and natural…

May 6, 2015
A global degree days database for energy-related applications
Electricity Sector Transitions

A global degree days database for energy-related applications

Alessandro Lanza

Weather can have a profound effect on energy consumption, especially extremes of hot and cold temperatures. These variations in particular drive residential and commercial energy demand because space heating and cooling is such an important component. Traditional approaches are customized…

Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
April 6, 2015
Energy productivity: From policy goal to reality
Productivity and Economic Diversification

Energy productivity: From policy goal to reality

Energy productivity, at the national level, has emerged as a valuable indicator for a number of reasons. It accommodates economic growth, linking energy use to gross domestic product. It is more than conceptually tied to energy efficiency; seen by policymakers…

February 6, 2015
Energy productivity: aligning global agendas
Productivity and Economic Diversification

Energy productivity: aligning global agendas

The well-established link between economic growth and energy usage presents a conundrum for policymakers that can be resolved by focusing on energy productivity to promote greater societal welfare. Energy productivity focuses attention on how energy resources can be put to…

October 6, 2014
Lowering Saudi Arabia’s fuel consumption and energy system costs without increasing end consumer prices
Energy and Economic Vulnerability

Lowering Saudi Arabia’s fuel consumption and energy system costs without increasing end consumer prices

Walid Matar, Frederic Murphy, Axel Pierru, Bertrand Rioux

Saudi Arabia aims to reduce the growth of its energy demand. This paper outlines an approach that could help the country to reduce substantively its current fuel consumption and could result in a net economic gain without increasing current end…

Walid Matar Matar, Walid
Frederic Murphy Murphy, Frederic
Axel Pierru Pierru, Axel
Bertrand Rioux Rioux, Bertrand
March 7, 2014
The Case for Energy Productivity: It’s Not Just Semantics
Productivity and Economic Diversification

The Case for Energy Productivity: It’s Not Just Semantics

Ratios that link energy consumption, or its related emissions, to the economic value generated accommodate the differing progress on economic development of nations better than absolute measures. Policymakers are increasingly using indicators such as energy efficiency, intensity, and productivity to…

March 6, 2014