• Focus Area Models, Data and Tools Models, Data and Tools
  • Type Methodology paper
  • Date 26 September 2023


Crude oil refineries produce finished petroleum products through a series of processing steps known as refinery unit operations. The varieties and capacities of process units, along with their operational characteristics, differentiate one refinery from another. Over the years, the refining industry has adopted various metrics to categorize refineries based on their capital investment and upgrading capability.


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