• Focus Area -
  • Type Report
  • Date 1 July 2021


In the context of accelerating climate change, cooling demand is also increasing rapidly. If unmanaged, this will result in a vicious circle, with increasing global warming through greater energy consumption combined with the use of higher GWP refrigerants. Addressing access to cooling and its adverse impacts has been a low priority historically, although this is rapidly changing. Cooling is included in all five themes at UNFCCC COP-26. The importance of a combined strategy to improve energy efficiency of cooling equipment while phasing down HFC refrigerants under the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol is increasingly being recognized as one of the biggest climate mitigation opportunities available today.

At the 31st Meeting of the Parties in Rome on November 2019, Parties adopted Decision XXXI/7:

Continued provision of information on energy-efficient and low global-warming- potential technologies 

To request the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP) to prepare a report for consideration by the Thirty-Second Meeting of the Parties addressing any new developments with respect to best practices, availability, accessibility and cost of energy-efficient technologies in the refrigeration, air-conditioning and heat-pump sectors as regards the implementation of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol.

This report builds on the 2018 report in response to Decision XXIX/10 and subsequent EETF reports in response to Decision XXX/5 and Decision XXXI/7. The TEAP EETF has compiled information on relevant funding agencies, technology options, costs, availability, accessibility, and best practices for maintaining and/or enhancing energy efficiency in refrigeration, air-conditioning and heat pump (RACHP) sectors while phasing down HFCs under the Kigali Amendment.


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Thamir Al Shehri

Research Lead Thamir is a Research Lead in the Climate & Sustainability program. He is currently focused on creating data-driven tools to…

Thamir is a Research Lead in the Climate & Sustainability program. He is currently focused on creating data-driven tools to identify and evaluate different energy market scenarios and developing the KAPSARC Circular Carbon Economy Index.

Thamir also acts as an advisor to the broader energy ecosystem in Saudi Arabia, particularly in the areas of clean energy transitions, sustainability, and carbon emissions management. He is also a member of the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

He previously worked as a lecturer in Australia and has entrepreneurial and industrial experience working on award-winning projects such as the Burj Khalifah Building Management System.


  • Circular Carbon Economy
  • Climate Change Policy
  • Energy Transitions
  • Clean Energy Policy
  • Carbon Monitoring
  • Energy Efficiency
  • Demand Side Management
  • Cooling
  • Smart Grid
  • Smart Meter
  • Behavioral Economics
  • Nudge Theory
  • Digital Transformation

Publications See all Thamir Al Shehri’s publications

EE Task Force

EE Task Force



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