• Initiative -
  • Type Report
  • Date 1 July 2021


In the context of accelerating climate change, cooling demand is also increasing rapidly. If unmanaged, this will result in a vicious circle, with increasing global warming through greater energy consumption combined with the use of higher GWP refrigerants. Addressing access to cooling and its adverse impacts has been a low priority historically, although this is rapidly changing. Cooling is included in all five themes at UNFCCC COP-26. The importance of a combined strategy to improve energy efficiency of cooling equipment while phasing down HFC refrigerants under the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol is increasingly being recognized as one of the biggest climate mitigation opportunities available today.

At the 31st Meeting of the Parties in Rome on November 2019, Parties adopted Decision XXXI/7:

Continued provision of information on energy-efficient and low global-warming- potential technologies 

To request the Technology and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP) to prepare a report for consideration by the Thirty-Second Meeting of the Parties addressing any new developments with respect to best practices, availability, accessibility and cost of energy-efficient technologies in the refrigeration, air-conditioning and heat-pump sectors as regards the implementation of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol.

This report builds on the 2018 report in response to Decision XXIX/10 and subsequent EETF reports in response to Decision XXX/5 and Decision XXXI/7. The TEAP EETF has compiled information on relevant funding agencies, technology options, costs, availability, accessibility, and best practices for maintaining and/or enhancing energy efficiency in refrigeration, air-conditioning and heat pump (RACHP) sectors while phasing down HFCs under the Kigali Amendment.


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Thamir Alshehri

Senior Research Associate Thamir is a senior research associate in the Energy Transitions and Electric Power program, currently focused on creating data-driven tools to… Thamir is a senior research associate in the Energy Transitions and Electric Power program, currently focused on creating data-driven tools to identify and evaluate different energy market scenarios, as well as using “big data” technologies to better understand the impact of behavior and the environment on energy consumption. Thamer is interested in using technologies to facilitate better energy public policy and energy economical systems. He previously worked as a lecturer in Australia and also has entrepreneurial and industrial experience working on award-winning projects such as the Burj Khalifah Building Management System.


  • Demand side management
  • Energy efficiency
  • Energy monitoring
  • Consumer behavior
  • Smart meters
  • Intelligent systems
  • Energy management systems
  • Big data
  • Smart grid
  • Agent-based modeling and machine learning

Publications See all Thamir Alshehri’s publications

EE Task Force

EE Task Force



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