Abstract

The International Energy Agency has recently released data showing that in 2018 Saudi Arabia’s carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions fell by 15 million tonnes of CO2 (MtCO2), or 2.7%, from 577 MtCO2 to 562 MtCO2. This is significant as it is Saudi Arabia’s first large policy-induced reduction in CO2 emissions. It also highlights how Saudi Vision 2030’s economic transformation plans are helping to decouple its economic growth from its CO2 emissions. The Kingdom is now the fourth-fastest reducer of greenhouse gasses among the G20 group of countries.

Authors

Nicholas Howarth

Research Fellow Nicholas is an applied economist specializing in economic growth, energy and natural resource and environmental economics. He is currently leading… Nicholas is an applied economist specializing in economic growth, energy and natural resource and environmental economics. He is currently leading KAPSARC research on energy productivity and is a subject matter expert on energy efficiency, industrial strategy and energy pricing with KAPSARC Advisory. He has received several awards for his published work, including recognition for his first book on carbon markets by the American benchmarking journal Choice as a top 25 academic publication in the category of economics in 2010. Nicholas is an experienced policy advisory, thought leader and project manager with strengths in interdisciplinary issues and applied policy gained from working as a ministerial adviser in Australia and in a variety of international roles. He is also an experienced lecturer and public speaker on energy productivity, green growth and sustainable development and has presented work at a range of technical and policy fora including meetings of the International Association of Energy Economists and in support of the G20 Energy and Sustainability Working Group and United Nations Sustainable Development Goals processes.

Expertise

  • Energy and climate economics and policy
  • Energy efficiency
  • Energy productivity
  • Technology
  • Innovation
  • Finance
  • Investment
  • Industrial policy and sustainable development

Publications See all Nicholas Howarth’s publications

Alessandro Lanza

Visiting Researcher Alessandro is a visiting researcher and a professor of energy and environmental policy at LUISS University. He has held the… Alessandro is a visiting researcher and a professor of energy and environmental policy at LUISS University. He has held the positions of deputy head of the Energy and Environment Division of the IEA/OECD, Eni’s chief economist and executive director of the Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, and chief executive officer of Eni Corporate University. Alessandro's career has also included working as a researcher at the IEFE and the Joint Research Centre of the European Union at ISPRA, and as a research fellow at the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies. He had the distinction of being lead author for the IPCC Third Assessment Report when IPCC was awarded the 2008 Nobel Prize, and for the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report. More recently Alessandro has been serving on the board of directors of ENEA, the Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development.

Expertise

  • Energy markets
  • Environmental policy
  • Environment and growth
  • Energy modeling
  • Energy sources
  • Economics of climate change

Publications See all Alessandro Lanza’s publications

Thamir Alshehri

Senior Research Associate Thamir is a senior research associate in the Energy Transitions and Electric Power program, currently focused on creating data-driven tools to… Thamir is a senior research associate in the Energy Transitions and Electric Power program, currently focused on creating data-driven tools to identify and evaluate different energy market scenarios, as well as using “big data” technologies to better understand the impact of behavior and the environment on energy consumption. Thamer is interested in using technologies to facilitate better energy public policy and energy economical systems. He previously worked as a lecturer in Australia and also has entrepreneurial and industrial experience working on award-winning projects such as the Burj Khalifah Building Management System.

Expertise

  • Demand side management
  • Energy efficiency
  • Energy monitoring
  • Consumer behavior
  • Smart meters
  • Intelligent systems
  • Energy management systems
  • Big data
  • Smart grid
  • Agent-based modeling and machine learning

Publications See all Thamir Alshehri’s publications

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