In this study, we investigate how total factor productivity (TFP), alongside income, price, and population, shapes energy consumption in the long-run in Saudi Arabia, the world’s number one oil exporter. To do so, we first estimate a production function and construct the associated TFP series, and then assess TFP’s impact on energy consumption. To take into consideration the stochastic properties of the variables, we employ unit root and cointegration methods. We also correct estimations and test results for potential small sample bias. Our main finding is that TFP has a statistically significant impact on energy consumption in the long-run. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-030-06001-5_8May 21, 2019
Carlo Andrea is a visiting researcher at KAPSARC, a professor of economics at the University of Perugia, and a professor of energy economics at the University Luiss, Rome. He has been the president of the Italian Association for Energy Economics since 2014 and was the president of the International Association for Energy Economics in 2008. His other roles have included energy advisor to Italy’s minister of industry, president of the Italian Electric Transmission Network, chief economist at Eni, economist at the Bank of Italy, research associate at United Nations’ Project LINK, and lecturer and professor of economics at the universities of Pennsylvania (United States), Campobasso, Sassari and Urbino (Italy).
Carlo Andrea’s research investigates econometric modeling, consumer behavior, energy markets, sustainable and renewable energy, liberalization and regulation policy. He has authored over 200 scientific articles, is the chief editor of the Review of Economics and Institutionsand a member of the editorial board of Energies.