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Abstract

As an emerging economy, a major part of India’s nationally determined contribution (NDC) under the Paris  Agreement is an emissions intensity target. With its current policies, India is on track to achieve its climate targets under the Agreement. However, the Indian government is balancing a complicated set of domestic priorities and constraints against its wish to be seen as a global leader on climate change. This paper, based on field research in India, outlines the key findings from a set of interviews regarding the implementation and enhancement of India’s NDC:

  • Coal is still the cheapest source of baseload electricity in India and will continue to be its main fuel source for electricity.
  • India is constrained in its ability to prioritize climate change objectives by the need to expand energy access and for low-cost energy.
  • India would like to be seen as a leader on climate change, particularly when compared to other emerging economies such as China, whose targets are treated as a benchmark. This wish is balanced against its need to continue its economic expansion.
  • India tends to take a conservative approach to international commitments.
  • The Prime Minister of India has the final say on climate policy matters, but consults with and is advised by a small number of actors in his Council on Climate Change. Think tanks play a major supporting role in climate policymaking.

Authors

Yagyavalk Bhatt

Yagyavalk Bhatt

Senior Research Analyst Yagyavalk is a senior research analyst who has worked on developing the KAPSARC Renewable Energy Policy Atlas and the KAPSARC…

Expertise

  • Energy market
  • renewable energy transition and climate finance

Publications See all Yagyavalk Bhatt’s publications

India’s Balancing Act to Address Climate Change Under the Paris Agreement

India’s Balancing Act to Address Climate Change Under the Paris Agreement

As an emerging economy, a major part of India’s nationally determined contribution (NDC) under the…

December 12, 2018
AlJawhara Al Quayid

AlJawhara Al Quayid

Research Analyst AlJawhara is a research analyst in the Policy and Decision Science program with research interests in political economy, international affairs,…

Expertise

  • Political economy
  • international affairs
  • geopolitics
  • finance and trade.

Publications See all AlJawhara Al Quayid’s publications

India’s Balancing Act to Address Climate Change Under the Paris Agreement

India’s Balancing Act to Address Climate Change Under the Paris Agreement

As an emerging economy, a major part of India’s nationally determined contribution (NDC) under the…

December 12, 2018
The Politics of European Union Climate Governance

The Politics of European Union Climate Governance

As an emerging economy, a major part of India’s nationally determined contribution (NDC) under the…

October 25, 2018
Nourah Al Hosain

Nourah Al Hosain

Research Analyst Nourah is a research analyst in KAPSARC’s Policy and Decision Science program.  She is currently working with the KAPSARC Toolkit for…

Expertise

  • Data science and applications development

Publications See all Nourah Al Hosain’s publications

India’s Balancing Act to Address Climate Change Under the Paris Agreement

India’s Balancing Act to Address Climate Change Under the Paris Agreement

As an emerging economy, a major part of India’s nationally determined contribution (NDC) under the…

December 12, 2018
Paul Mollet

Paul Mollet

Research Fellow Paul is a research fellow in the Policy and Decision Sciences program. He is a former journalist and energy market…

Expertise

  • Energy transition
  • climate change and oil markets

Publications See all Paul Mollet’s publications

India’s Balancing Act to Address Climate Change Under the Paris Agreement

India’s Balancing Act to Address Climate Change Under the Paris Agreement

As an emerging economy, a major part of India’s nationally determined contribution (NDC) under the…

December 12, 2018
OPEC Oil Production Data: The Role of Secondary Sources

OPEC Oil Production Data: The Role of Secondary Sources

As an emerging economy, a major part of India’s nationally determined contribution (NDC) under the…

November 17, 2018
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