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      Real Gross Domestic Income for Saudi Arabia: A Measure of National Income
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Real Gross Domestic Income for Saudi Arabia: A Measure of National Income

      Anwar Gasim, Walid Matar

      “A country’s national income is defined as the total market value of its output. The most used measure for national income is gross domestic product (GDP). One way to estimate GDP for a country is to sum its government consumption,…

      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      Walid Matar Matar, Walid
      27th December 2020
      What Happened to Residential Electricity Consumption in Saudi Arabia Between 2015 and 2018?
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      What Happened to Residential Electricity Consumption in Saudi Arabia Between 2015 and 2018?

      Mohammad Aldubyan, Anwar Gasim

      Between 2007 and 2018, residential electricity consumption in Saudi Arabia increased by 45%, from around 89 terawatthours (TWh) to 130 TWh (SAMA 2019). Population and gross domestic product (GDP) are two key factors that influence residential electricity consumption.

      Mohammad Aldubyan Aldubyan, Mohammad
      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      26th August 2020
      Why Did Domestic Gasoline Prices Fall in Saudi Arabia?

      Why Did Domestic Gasoline Prices Fall in Saudi Arabia?

      Anwar Gasim, Mohammad Aldubyan

      What is behind the dramatic fall in gasoline prices? On May 11, 2020, Saudi Arabia slashed its domestic gasoline prices. The price of 91-octane gasoline fell from 1.31 to 0.67 Saudi Arabian riyals (SAR) per liter, while the price of…

      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      Mohammad Aldubyan Aldubyan, Mohammad
      7th June 2020
      Industrial Energy Consumption in Saudi Arabia
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Industrial Energy Consumption in Saudi Arabia

      Anwar Gasim

      In 2017, Saudi Arabia’s total final energy consumption was 140.7 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe). Total final energy consumption is defined as energy used by final consumers (or end users). It includes electricity use in residential buildings, gasoline use…

      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      31st May 2020
      Modelling industrial energy demand in Saudi Arabia

      Modelling industrial energy demand in Saudi Arabia

      Portsmouth

      Between 1986 and 2016, industrial energy consumption in Saudi Arabia increased by tenfold, making it one of the largest end-use sectors in the Kingdom. Despite its importance, there appear to be no published econometric studies on aggregate industrial energy demand…

      Anwar Gasim, Shahad Alarenan, Lester C. Hunt

      2020
      Modeling Industrial Energy Demand in Saudi Arabia and Understanding Its Drivers
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Modeling Industrial Energy Demand in Saudi Arabia and Understanding Its Drivers

      Shahad Alarenan, Anwar Gasim, Lester C. Hunt

      In 2016 Saudi Arabia’s industrial (or manufacturing) sector accounted for 30.3% of total final energy consumption (IEA 2018a). When non-energy use (mainly feedstock for the petrochemical subsector) is included, the industrial sector᾽s share of total final energy consumption rises to…

      Shahad Alarenan Alarenan, Shahad
      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      Lester C. Hunt Hunt, Lester C.
      3rd December 2019
      Gasoline Price Reform in Saudi Arabia

      Gasoline Price Reform in Saudi Arabia

      Anwar Gasim, Mohammad Aldubyan

      Saudi Arabia has been adjusting gasoline prices on a quarterly basis since the start of 2019, with the most recent adjustment occurring on July 14, 2019. These adjustments depend on changes in international oil prices, and are smaller than the…

      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      Mohammad Aldubyan Aldubyan, Mohammad
      1st September 2019
      Welfare Implications of the Rebound Effect From More Energy-Efficient Passenger Cars
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      Welfare Implications of the Rebound Effect From More Energy-Efficient Passenger Cars

      Anwar Gasim, Ziyad Alfawzan

      Improving the energy efficiency of passenger cars makes it cheaper to drive, allowing motorists to take to the roads more frequently. This additional driving, which offsets some of the expected energy savings from energy efficiency, is known as the rebound…

      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      Ziyad Alfawzan Alfawzan, Ziyad
      30th October 2017
      Gasoline Demand, Pricing Policy and Social Welfare in Saudi Arabia
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      Gasoline Demand, Pricing Policy and Social Welfare in Saudi Arabia

      Anwar Gasim

      In the face of low international oil prices, countries in the Gulf Cooperation Council recently implemented fuel price reform across a number of sectors. Saudi Arabia, for example, announced in December 2015 an increase in the gasoline price. We undertook…

      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      12th March 2017
      Policymakers Guide to the Various Ways of Calculating Energy Productivity
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Policymakers Guide to the Various Ways of Calculating Energy Productivity

      Anwar Gasim

      The existence of multiple approaches to calculating energy productivity, with its resulting diverse outcomes, makes it difficult to draw meaningful comparisons between economies and monitor their progress over time. To understand better the implications of this, we conducted a systematic…

      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      13th June 2016
      The embodied energy in trade: What role does specialization play?

      The embodied energy in trade: What role does specialization play?

      Energy Policy

      Many industrialized countries are net importers of embodied energy and emissions, while many developing countries are net exporters. We examine the role of specialization in driving these trade patterns by conducting a spatial index decomposition analysis on the embodied energy…

      Anwar Gasim

      2015
      Embodied energy in trade: What role does specialization play
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Embodied energy in trade: What role does specialization play

      Anwar Gasim

      In global discussions aimed at limiting greenhouse gas emissions, the national targets set by governments are tied to the energy used or emissions generated within national borders. However, international trade can confuse the accounting. Moving a factory across the border…

      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      6th March 2015