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      The Circular Carbon Economy Index 2021 – Results
      Climate Change Policies and Governance

      The Circular Carbon Economy Index 2021 – Results

      Mari Luomi, Fatih Yılmaz, Thamir Alshehri

      There is an urgent need to align global carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions with climate-safe trajectories. A broad range of technologies and approaches are needed to achieve this cost-effectively and equitably. The circular carbon economy (CCE) concept provides…

      Mari Luomi Luomi, Mari
      Fatih Yılmaz Yılmaz, Fatih
      Thamir Alshehri Alshehri, Thamir
      29th December 2021
      What Drove Saudi Arabia’s 2020 Fall in CO2 Emissions?
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      What Drove Saudi Arabia’s 2020 Fall in CO2 Emissions?

      Thamir Alshehri, Jan Frederik Braun, Anwar Gasim, Mari Luomi

      In June 2021, the energy data provider Enerdata released its initial estimates for Saudi Arabia’s 2020 carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The data indicate that the Kingdom’s CO2 emissions from fuel combustion decreased by 3.3%, from 508.3 million tonnes of CO2…

      Thamir Alshehri Alshehri, Thamir
      Jan Frederik Braun Braun, Jan Frederik
      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      Mari Luomi Luomi, Mari
      29th December 2021
      Oman’s Second Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC)
      Climate Change Policies and Governance

      Oman’s Second Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC)

      Mari Luomi, Aisha Al-Sarihi

      In July 2021, Oman submitted its second nationally determined contribution to the Paris Agreement on climate change (NDC). In the NDC, Oman pledges to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 7% relative to a business-as-usual (BAU) scenario by 2030.…

      Mari Luomi Luomi, Mari
      Aisha Al-Sarihi Al-Sarihi, Aisha
      23rd November 2021
      The Circular Carbon Economy Index 2021 – Methodology
      Climate Change Policies and Governance

      The Circular Carbon Economy Index 2021 – Methodology

      Mari Luomi, Fatih Yılmaz, Thamir Alshehri

      The Circular Carbon Economy Index (CCE Index) aims to measure countries’ progress in and potential for achieving circular carbon economies (CCEs). The CCE Index is based on two sub-indices: one for measuring countries’ current performance in the various dimensions of…

      Mari Luomi Luomi, Mari
      Fatih Yılmaz Yılmaz, Fatih
      Thamir Alshehri Alshehri, Thamir
      2nd November 2021
      Measuring to Manage: The Case for Improving CO2 Monitoring and Reporting in Saudi Arabia
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Measuring to Manage: The Case for Improving CO2 Monitoring and Reporting in Saudi Arabia

      Mari Luomi, Thamir Alshehri, Nicholas Howarth

      To support the transition to a circular carbon economy, there is an urgent need to develop robust domestic systems of carbon dioxide (CO2) and greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) monitoring and reporting in the Kingdom. Such systems provide the essential evidence…

      Mari Luomi Luomi, Mari
      Thamir Alshehri Alshehri, Thamir
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      13th July 2021
      The Circular Carbon Economy Index – Methodological Approach and Conceptual Framework
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      The Circular Carbon Economy Index – Methodological Approach and Conceptual Framework

      Mari Luomi, Fatih Yılmaz, Thamir Alshehri, Nicholas Howarth

      The circular carbon economy (CCE) approach, developed during Saudi Arabia’s G20 Presidency and endorsed by G20 leaders and energy ministers, can be used as a framework for holistic assessments of all available energy and emission management technologies within the confines…

      Mari Luomi Luomi, Mari
      Fatih Yılmaz Yılmaz, Fatih
      Thamir Alshehri Alshehri, Thamir
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      28th June 2021
      Reinforcing Global Climate Governance to Deliver Higher Ambition

      Reinforcing Global Climate Governance to Deliver Higher Ambition

      T20

      This policy brief outlines how the unique characteristics of the Group of 20 (G20), namely its limited membership, informality, and economic orientation, can be leveraged to promote climate action. We identify four ways in which the G20 can support multilateral…

      Mari Luomi, Rishikesh Ram, Jennifer Allan

      2020
      Covid-19 Recovery: How the G20 can Accelerate Sustainable Energy Transitions in the Power Sector by Supporting the Private Sector?

      Covid-19 Recovery: How the G20 can Accelerate Sustainable Energy Transitions in the Power Sector by Supporting the Private Sector?

      T20

      COVID-19 has dramatically changed the socioeconomic context for clean energy transitions worldwide. Fiscal rescue and recovery measures that unaligned with a green, resilient, and just recovery will miss the historic opportunity to realign global economic and energy trajectories with the…

      Yong Jun Baek, Mari Luomi, Tanzeed Alam, Alexander Gard-Murray, Chul Ju Kim, Jeffrey Logan, William Toor, Robert T. McGrath, Charles F. Kutscher, Nella Sri Hendriyetty, Timothy C. Coburn

      2020