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      Moving Saudi Arabia’s Role in the Global Methane Pledge Forward
      Evaluation of Public Investment Projects

      Moving Saudi Arabia’s Role in the Global Methane Pledge Forward

      Rami Shabaneh, Bertrand Rioux, Fahad Bin Haji

      In our previous Instant Insight, The Global Methane Pledge: What It Means for the Oil and Gas Industry Post-COP26, we shed light on the increased momentum behind the issue of methane emissions and how it is taking center stage in…

      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      Bertrand Rioux Rioux, Bertrand
      Fahad Bin Haji Fahad Bin Haji
      8th May 2022
      The European Energy Collapse: A Chain of Contingencies or a Recurring Nightmare?
      Regional Energy Markets

      The European Energy Collapse: A Chain of Contingencies or a Recurring Nightmare?

      Zlata Sergeeva, Nikolay Fedorov

      Choosing to rely exclusively on renewable energy sources (RES) and eliminating hydrocarbons can lead to significant difficulties for an energy system. Challenges may arise when energy storage is insufficient to guarantee a stable power supply. The lack of suitable technologies…

      Zlata Sergeeva Sergeeva, Zlata
      Nikolay Fedorov Nikolay Fedorov
      20th April 2022
      Cross-seasonal Fuel Savings from Load Shifting in the Saudi Industrial Sector
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Cross-seasonal Fuel Savings from Load Shifting in the Saudi Industrial Sector

      Salaheddine Soummane, Amro Elshurafa, Hatem Al Atawi, Frank Felder

      Load shifting, that is, moving demand from peak to off-peak hours, is an important type of demand response. It can reduce the overall operating costs of a power system and improve the reliability of the power grid. This study estimates…

      Salaheddine Soummane Soummane, Salaheddine
      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      Hatem Al Atawi Al Atawi, Hatem
      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      11th April 2022
      Balancing China’s Energy Security and Its Transition to Carbon Neutrality
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Balancing China’s Energy Security and Its Transition to Carbon Neutrality

      Dongmei Chen, Mari Luomi

      At the United Nations (UN) General Assembly’s seventy-fifth session held on September 20, 2020, Chinese President Xi Jinping pledged that China would reach peak carbon emissions before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. This is seen as a significant…

      Dongmei Chen Chen, Dongmei
      Mari Luomi Luomi, Mari
      10th April 2022
      Role of Energy Efficiency in Designing Carbon-neutral Residential Communities: Case Study of Saudi Arabia
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Role of Energy Efficiency in Designing Carbon-neutral Residential Communities: Case Study of Saudi Arabia

      Moncef Krarti, Mohammad Aldubyan

      This study focuses on the impact of improving the energy efficiency of housing units on the design of carbon-neutral grid-connected residential communities in Saudi Arabia. Particularly, it examines the efficacy of both photovoltaic systems and wind turbines as on-site renewable…

      Moncef Krarti Krarti, Moncef
      Mohammad Aldubyan Aldubyan, Mohammad
      3rd April 2022
      Plastics in the Circular Carbon Economy
      Climate Change Policies and Governance

      Plastics in the Circular Carbon Economy

      Plastics are a critical category in the chemicals value chain and have helped shape the modern economy. The COVID-19 pandemic has demonstrated the importance of plastics in people’s lives. Throughout the international community, the demand for plastic has surged during…

      28th March 2022
      Understanding the Willingness to Make the Modal Shift to the New Metro in Riyadh
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      Understanding the Willingness to Make the Modal Shift to the New Metro in Riyadh

      Ahm Mehbub Anwar

      Riyadh, Saudi Arabia’s capital and main financial hub, is currently facing substantial urban growth pressures. The city suffers from serious traffic congestion, especially at peak hours. Owing to the city’s high level of urbanization, travel demands are expected to increase.…

      Ahm Mehbub Anwar Anwar, Ahm Mehbub
      27th March 2022
      Achieving Renewable Energy Targets Without Compromising the Power Sector’s Reliability
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Achieving Renewable Energy Targets Without Compromising the Power Sector’s Reliability

      Amro Elshurafa, Frank Felder, Nezar Alhaidari

      Saudi Arabia’s Ministry of Energy has set ambitious renewable energy goals. Although the Kingdom’s current energy mix is dominated by conventional energy (>95%), it aims to draw 50% of its energy from renewable sources by 2030. Currently, the Kingdom enjoys…

      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      Nezar Alhaidari Nezar Alhaidari
      22nd March 2022
      Potential implications of the EU Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism
      Climate Change Policies and Governance

      Potential implications of the EU Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism

      Bertrand Rioux, Dongmei Chen

      From 2023 onward, the European Union’s (EU’s) Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) will require importers to declare the embedded carbon emissions of electricity, iron, steel, aluminum, cement and fertilizers. The CBAM will ultimately transition into a carbon import tax, with…

      Bertrand Rioux Rioux, Bertrand
      Dongmei Chen Chen, Dongmei
      22nd March 2022
      Why is the EU Carbon Price at a Record €60 per Tonne?

      Why is the EU Carbon Price at a Record €60 per Tonne?

      Fateh Belaïd, Marie Petitet

      Carbon prices soared above €60/tonne for the first time on August 30, 2021, with the expectation of tightened environmental legislation. These prices made a new record on the European Union Emission Trading System (EU ETS), the European Union’s carbon market.…

      Fateh Belaïd Belaïd, Fateh
      Marie Petitet Marie Petitet
      1st March 2022
      How Realistic Is Hydrogen for Electrification?
      Regional Energy Markets

      How Realistic Is Hydrogen for Electrification?

      Shahid Hasan, Rami Shabaneh

      Hydrogen has gained considerable global support in the energy policy discourse on how to meet decarbonization targets. Due to its clean-burning properties and versatility, hydrogen is being examined as an alternative fuel source to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in…

      Shahid Hasan Hasan, Shahid
      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      1st March 2022
      The Economics and Resource Potential of Hydrogen Production in Saudi Arabia
      Regional Energy Markets

      The Economics and Resource Potential of Hydrogen Production in Saudi Arabia

      Shahid Hasan, Rami Shabaneh

      Energy transition discussions, policymakers are increasingly viewing hydrogen as a preferred emissions-free substitute for oil, natural gas and coal in hard-to-abate sectors. However, hydrogen is not a primary energy source but rather is a carrier of energy. Many factors, including…

      Shahid Hasan Hasan, Shahid
      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      1st March 2022
      Integrated Oil Companies and the Requiem for a Transition: How Are They Coping with Climate Change?
      Future of Global Oil Markets

      Integrated Oil Companies and the Requiem for a Transition: How Are They Coping with Climate Change?

      Majed A. Al Suwailem, Bertrand Rioux

      Integrated oil and gas (O&G) companies operate vertically integrated businesses that span the O&G value chain. In this way, they can leverage expertise across multiple domains rather than just focusing on exploration and production (E&P). Examples of such companies include…

      Majed A. Al Suwailem Al Suwailem, Majed A.
      Bertrand Rioux Rioux, Bertrand
      28th February 2022