• Focus Area -
  • Type External journal article
  • Date 28 September 2021


Global warming is a fact (IPCC, 2018), and the question is no longer whether sharply rising CO2 emissions accelerate global warming but rather to assess the consequences of human activities and identify solutions to this phenomenon before irreversibly disrupting all of our planet’s ecosystems. In this context, international climate action is more than necessary. By signing the Paris Agreement on Climate Change in 2015, most countries have committed to keeping the average global temperature increase “well below” 2°C above pre-industrial levels and “to continue action to limit the rise to 1.5°C”. Within this framework, the European Union has pledged to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% compared to 1990 levels by 2030. More recently, the European Commission presented a long-term strategy for the EU to achieve a climate-neutral economy by 2050 (European Commission, 2018). Furthermore, the action plan for a circular economy developed by the European Commission (European Commission, 2019) clearly illustrates the new public policy directions aimed at accelerating the decoupling of EU Member States (Crane et al., 2011; European Commission, 2014).




Michelle Mongo

Michelle Mongo

Fateh Belaïd

Fellow II was a full professor of economics at Lille Catholic University and director of the Smart & Sustainable Cities research unit.… was a full professor of economics at Lille Catholic University and director of the Smart & Sustainable Cities research unit. Fateh has also held various positions at the French Scientific and Technical Center for Building and led multiple collaborative projects for the French Ministry of Ecological Transition and the European Commission. He is an energy and environmental economist drawing from the fields of applied microeconomics, energy modeling, and econometrics. He has published widely on household energy consumption, energy-saving behaviors, individual preference and investment in energy efficiency, energy poverty, renewables, and energy policy. He received a habilitation for supervising doctoral research from Orléans University, a Ph.D. in Economics, an M.S. in Applied Economics & Decision Theory from Littoral University, and an engineering degree in statistics. His work has been published in journals including Ecological Economics, The Energy Journal, Energy Economics, Economic Surveys, Energy Policy, and Environmental Management


  • Energy and Environmental Economics; Energy Efficiency; Energy Demand; Fuel Poverty; Energy Policy; Energy Saving Behaviors; Applied Econometrics; Smart and Sustainable Cities.

Publications See all Fateh Belaïd’s publications

Audrey Tanguy

Audrey Tanguy

Valérie Laforest

Valérie Laforest

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