KAPSARC and the U.S. Energy Information Administration jointly convened a working group meeting on June 3, 2014 in Beijing on modeling the Chinese energy economy. This introduced the different models and methods currently being pursued by different stakeholders and so facilitate collaboration in a highly technical and demanding research space. Understanding the Chinese energy economy is of great importance to policy makers inside and outside China. All the models presented could be used as tools for analyzing the effects of various policy options. Yet all took different approaches to look at different aspects of China’s increasingly complex whole. The various experiences of the participants can help improve both the capability and accessibility of technical economic models. At the heart of the discussions was an attempt to support China’s continued development and economic transition and to make the process and consequences more understandable to those outside its borders.