Article 4.19 of the 2015 Paris Agreement calls on signatories to formulate and communicate “long-term low greenhouse gas development strategies,” widely known as the mid-century strategy (MCS). Any enhancement of the European Union’s (EU’s) targets in its MCS depends on a new long-term EU climate policy subject to ongoing negotiations between member states. The EU submits one nationally determined contribution (NDC) for all 28 member states, likely soon to be 27 following the proposed departure of the United Kingdom (U.K.) from the EU (Brexit). In 2011 the European Commission outlined an indicative 80% emissions reduction target in its 2050 low carbon economy roadmap compared to 1990 levels. In a move away from a target-centered approach, the European Commission’s most recent communication entitled “A Clean Planet for all – A European strategic long-term vision for a prosperous, modern, competitive and climate neutral economy” calls for carbon neutrality by 2050 but avoids any mention of targets. It instead outlines scenarios that offer policy pathways for EU member states. This paper shows that in mid-2018, EU members were unwilling to commit to higher targets, which could provide an insight into what was an unexpected shift in European Commission policy.
Senior Research Analyst AlJawhara is a senior research analyst in the Policy and Decision Science program, with research interests in political economy, international… AlJawhara is a senior research analyst in the Policy and Decision Science program, with research interests in political economy, international affairs and environmental policy. She is currently the coordinator of the Think20 Task Force on Covid-19: Multidisciplinary Approaches to Complex Problems. Prior to joining KAPSARC, she was an intern at KPMG’s Deal Advisory unit. AlJawhara holds a B.S. degree in Business Administration with a focus in finance from Alfaisal University.
- International Affairs
- Political Economy and Environmental Policy
Publications See all AlJawhara Al Quayid’s publications
Article 4.19 of the 2015 Paris Agreement calls on signatories to formulate and communicate “long-term…19th March 2020
Article 4.19 of the 2015 Paris Agreement calls on signatories to formulate and communicate “long-term…4th December 2019