This paper assesses the potential role of the implementation of the best available technologies to reduce the economic consequences of outdoor air pollution in the coming decades. The paper focuses on market impacts related with additional health expenditures, changes in labour productivity and crop yield losses and also presents results on non-market costs, i.e. welfare losses from avoided premature deaths. The results show that technological improvements can potentially reduce concentrations of air pollutants to levels compatible with the WHO guidelines in most countries. However, technology measures can only reduce part of the economic costs relative with the market impacts.
Research FellowOlivier is a research fellow in the Energy Systems and Macroeconomics program. Previously, he was an economist at the Organisation…Olivier is a research fellow in the Energy Systems and Macroeconomics program. Previously, he was an economist at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and at the International Energy Agency (IEA) in Paris where his activities covered macroeconomic policy analysis and applied general equilibrium modeling. He contributed to various modeling studies on the assessment of the macroeconomic, environmental and distributional consequences of energy and environmental policies. He also worked on the land-water-energy nexus and on the economic consequences of air pollution. Before he joined the OECD, Olivier worked at ENGIE, in Paris, where he developed an in-house modeling framework for quantifying global long-term energy-economy scenarios. While completing his Ph.D., he was a research assistant at the Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) in Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium.