• Initiative -
  • Type KAPSARC journal article
  • Date 7 June 2020
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Abstract

Although battery electric vehicles (EVs) are emission-free at the tailpipe, the energy mix that provides electricity to charge EVs is generally not. Ideally, it is desired to charge EVs from a low- or no-carbon energy source to ensure that the emissions avoided from driving EVs outweigh incremental emissions resulting from the power sector. To that end, this paper quantifies the net carbon emissions associated with EV deployment in Saudi Arabia by considering the energy mix. A model characterizing the Saudi Power System was built, and a total of 18 scenarios were simulated using the marginal generation emission method. The scenarios varied driving ranges, EV efficiencies, and time of charging for passenger transportation. Situations representing best- and worst-case scenarios were also run. On average, for each 1 % of EV deployed, emissions would reduce by 0.5 %, while at the best-case scenario emissions reduce by 0.9 %. The worst-case scenario, however, results in a net increase in emissions. Further, given that the marginal generator for the most part in the various regions of the kingdom does not change, it was found that adopting a time-of-use pricing mechanism would not promote emission reduction.

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Science Direct

Authors

Nawaz Peerbocus

Nawaz Peerbocus

Strategy and Planning Director Nawaz is the Strategy and Planning Director at KAPSARC. He was previously the program director for Energy Transitions and Electric…

Nawaz is the Strategy and Planning Director at KAPSARC. He was previously the program director for Energy Transitions and Electric Power. Before joining KAPSARC, he was the Chief Economist at the Saudi Electricity Company (SEC) where he led the strategic transformation project and advised on strategic planning issues. Before SEC, Nawaz was director of Market Strategy at Enbala and senior economist at the Ontario Independent Electricity System Operator.

Amro Elshurafa

Research Fellow Amro is a research Fellow with 20 years of experience in energy and technology garnered on three continents. His research… Amro is a research Fellow with 20 years of experience in energy and technology garnered on three continents. His research interests lie in renewable energy policy, power systems modeling, and hybrid microgrid design and optimization. He has led and executed several national modeling initiatives both at the distributed and utility scales. Some aspects of his research have been adopted by BP in creating their seminal annual statistical review. Amro is the author of 40+ papers and the inventor of several patents. He holds a Ph.D. in electrical engineering and an MBA in finance.

Expertise

  • Renewable Energy Policy
  • Power Sector Modeling
  • Hybrid Microgrid Design and Optimization
  • Storage and Solar PV Industry

Publications See all Amro Elshurafa’s publications

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