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Abstract

This discussion paper is part of a KAPSARC research project initiated to develop insights that can facilitate the creation of a well-functioning integrated electricity market comprising the member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). The project identifies and examines the key issues affecting electricity market integration within the GCC and the wider Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region and suggests the enablers needed to facilitate market integration.

This report focuses on Oman’s electricity sector, the liberalization of which started in 2004. The country’s power reforms are now poised to move to the next level, with the aim of creating a more competitive electricity industry in the Sultanate.

Key features of Oman’s electricity market, challenges, and opportunities for market integration identified in the paper include:

  • Nearly one quarter of Oman’s domestic natural gas production is used to power electricity generation and water desalination plants.
  • The government’s National Energy Strategy 2040 seeks to ensure the country’s long-term energy sustainability, in part through targeting that at least 10% of electricity output comes from renewables by 2025.
  • The private sector now owns 100% of generation capacity in Oman’s main interconnected system (MIS), and efforts have started to privatize other transmission and distribution firms.
  • Regulatory oversight through a financially and administratively independent regulator with an adequate mandate, the Authority for Electricity Regulation, has played a key role in improving the sector’s performance and has created confidence among new industry players. In future, Oman’s gas network may be included in the regulator’s remit.
  • Oman intends to implement a new arrangement for the future procurement of electricity through the spot market by 2020.

Authors

Shahid Hasan

Research Fellow Prior to joining KAPSARC, Shahid was an associate director at TERI, an independent research institution working in the areas of… Prior to joining KAPSARC, Shahid was an associate director at TERI, an independent research institution working in the areas of energy, environment and sustainable development. As part of his managerial responsibilities, he was responsible for defining, providing direction, implementing research agenda. he has immensely enjoyed working in a team, guiding and mentoring fellow colleagues. As an energy specialist with research and consulting experience, Shahid has worked on various aspects of electricity market reforms covering a range of issues around energy-economics, energy-policy/regulation, energy-markets, energy-sustainability, pricing, DSM especially related to the electricity industry in India and abroad. He has interacted widely with policymakers, regulators, utilities (public and private), multi-lateral & bi-lateral organizations, and international research institutions. He also contributed to a number of government reports aimed to facilitate transition of the energy sector. Representation as energy sector specialist in a number of national and international expert groups/task forces etc.

Expertise

  • Energy policies/regulations
  • Markets and transitions

Publications See all Shahid Hasan’s publications

Turki Alaqeel

Senior Research Associate Turki Al-Aqeel is a Senior Research Associate at KAPSARC. He worked in many national and multinational firms in Saudi Arabia… Turki Al-Aqeel is a Senior Research Associate at KAPSARC. He worked in many national and multinational firms in Saudi Arabia and the United States in policy-related research, economic and market analysis, and electric power systems. His professional experience includes ABB, Woodward, Colorado Concept Coatings, and the Advanced Power Engineering Laboratory. Al-Aqeel holds a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering, Master’s Degree in Business Administration from Colorado State University, and Graduate Certificates in Power and Energy, and Finance. Al-Aqeel is a Senior Member of IEEE and a Certified Modular Advanced Control (MACH2) Engineer for Flexible AC Transmission Systems. Al-Aqeel published several journal articles and conference proceedings in peer-reviewed journals and events. Al-Aqeel is a reviewer in several journals and conferences and a member of local and international committees.

Expertise

  • Energy transitions
  • Electricity markets regulations and policy
  • Smart Grid
  • Digitalization and innovation
  • Power system modeling
  • Renewable energy policy
  • Energy efficiency

Publications See all Turki Alaqeel’s publications

Yagyavalk Bhatt

Research Associate Yagyavalk is a research associate at KAPSARC. His research interests include analysis of energy policies, with a focus on alternative… Yagyavalk is a research associate at KAPSARC. His research interests include analysis of energy policies, with a focus on alternative fuels and their impact on energy security. He previously worked as a researcher, providing sustainable development and decentralized renewable energy system solutions to rural areas of north India. He holds a master’s degree in renewable energy engineering and management from TERI University, India.  

Expertise

  • Energy market
  • Renewable energy transition and climate finance

Publications See all Yagyavalk Bhatt’s publications

Abdullah Al-Badi

Abdullah Al-Badi

Professor, Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) College of Engineering Abdullah is currently a professor at Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) College of Engineering in Muscat, Oman. He has published over… Abdullah is currently a professor at Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) College of Engineering in Muscat, Oman. He has published over 160 papers in many well-known international journals, proceedings of refereed international conferences and technical reports. His research interests include renewable energy, distributed generation, power quality, power system analysis and power electronics and drives. Abdullah holds a B.Sc. in Electrical Engineering from SQU and an M.Sc. and Ph.D. from the University of Manchester, England.

Mohammed Al-Badi

Mohammed Al-Badi

Associate Professor and Head of the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department at Sultan Qaboos University Mohammed is Associate Professor and Head of the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department at Sultan Qaboos University (SQU), Muscat, Oman.… Mohammed is Associate Professor and Head of the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department at Sultan Qaboos University (SQU), Muscat, Oman. He holds an M.Sc. from RWTH-Aachen, Germany and a Ph.D. from the University of Waterloo, Canada. Mohammed has published over 70 papers in many well-known international journals, proceedings of refereed international conferences and technical reports. He has carried out several projects on power quality, renewable energy and its impacts on power systems.

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