This paper describes the current governance structure of China’s energy sector. The interplay between central government, the Communist Party, regional governments and key economic actors within the framework of China’s five-year planning processes are complex and constantly evolving. As such, the structure and processes for energy governance are similarly complex. The oversight and process for governing China’s energy sector will continue to change as the country transitions from an emerging to a mature economy. This paper provides an overview of how key decisions in the energy sector are currently made, implemented and monitored in China as the country is consolidating its policy and decision making processes. The paper’s aim is to provide insights for those outside China who wish to better understand Chinese energy governance, from policymakers, researchers and academics, to diplomats, or corporations wishing to invest in the country.May 14, 2019
Dongmei is a research fellow with more than 20 years of professional experience on China’s energy and climate change policy development. At the Center, she carries out research on China and has contributed to workshop briefs. Previously she worked in a state-owned company, and in government and non-government agencies. As a senior adviser and head of IIP’s China office, she engaged with Chinese industrial stakeholders for best practice development and dissemination. As director of the WWF China Climate Change and Energy Program, she designed the Low Carbon City Initiative in partnership with local governments and international networks. Dongmei also engaged in the study and discussion on renewable energy and coal policy in China.