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      Using Satellite Technology to Measure Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Saudi Arabia
      Climate Change Policies and Governance

      Using Satellite Technology to Measure Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Saudi Arabia

      Anwar Gasim, Walid Matar, Abdelrahman Muhsen

      Measuring and monitoring greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are crucial to address climate change and fulfill Paris Agreement objectives. This paper explores the potential of satellite technology in measuring and tracking CH4, CO2, and N2O emissions in Saudi Arabia, collaborating with…

      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      Walid Matar Matar, Walid
      Abdelrahman Muhsen Muhsen, Abdelrahman
      7 December 2023
      Energy Policy Pathways to Inform Climate Policy in Saudi Arabia
      Evaluation of Public Investment Projects

      Energy Policy Pathways to Inform Climate Policy in Saudi Arabia

      Walid Matar, Noura Mansouri, Evar Umeozor

      Saudi Arabia has announced plans to cut greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 278 million tons of CO2 equivalent (CO2e). In this regard, this paper contributes a modeling view of the climate-related effects of various energy policies on the Saudi energy…

      Walid Matar Matar, Walid
      Noura Mansouri Mansouri, Noura
      Evar Umeozor Umeozor, Evar
      13 November 2023
      A Decomposition Approach to Energy Policy Analysis
      Evaluation of Public Investment Projects

      A Decomposition Approach to Energy Policy Analysis

      Walid Matar

      Index decomposition analysis (IDA) has been used to study energy use movements since the 1980s. Methods at that time consisted primarily of multiplying factors that ultimately yielded the aggregate quantity, such as energy use. IDA is a straightforward way for…

      Walid Matar Matar, Walid
      18 September 2023
      Modeling the Distribution and Transshipment of Refined Oil Products
      Evaluation of Public Investment Projects

      Modeling the Distribution and Transshipment of Refined Oil Products

      Walid Matar

      KAPSARC has developed an optimization model to characterize the distribution of oil products after the refining stage. The model ensures that the demand for any group of refined oil products is simultaneously met while minimizing the social costs associated with…

      Walid Matar Matar, Walid
      11 May 2023
      Real Gross Domestic Income for Saudi Arabia From 1986 to 2021
      Evaluation of Public Investment Projects

      Real Gross Domestic Income for Saudi Arabia From 1986 to 2021

      Walid Matar

      A country’s national income is defined as the total market value of its output. The most used measure for national income is gross domestic product (GDP). One way to estimate GDP for a country is to sum its government consumption,…

      Walid Matar Matar, Walid
      4 April 2023
      Alternative Fuels for Saudi Cement Manufacturing with Time-varying Carbon Pricing
      Evaluation of Public Investment Projects

      Alternative Fuels for Saudi Cement Manufacturing with Time-varying Carbon Pricing

      Walid Matar, Doaa Filali

      After cement production in Saudi Arabia surged in the first half of the 2010s due to the country’s rapid economic development, it has slowed measurably in recent years as economic growth has declined. This is shown in Figure 1, along…

      Walid Matar Matar, Walid
      Doaa Filali Doaa Filali
      17 January 2023
      Long-run Effects of Real-time Electricity Pricing in the Saudi Power Sector
      Models, Data and Tools

      Long-run Effects of Real-time Electricity Pricing in the Saudi Power Sector

      Walid Matar

      This study explores the potential effects of real-time electricity pricing on the operations of Saudi Arabia’s power generation sector. The Kingdom currently sets fuel prices for power utilities at levels that suppress the costs of power generation. However, this analysis…

      Walid Matar Matar, Walid
      22 March 2021
      On the Incremental Investment in Residential Energy Efficiency: A Saudi Perspective

      On the Incremental Investment in Residential Energy Efficiency: A Saudi Perspective

      Taylor & Francis Online

      This paper examines the marginal welfare gain of adopting higher energy efficiency after another efficiency measure has already been installed. For example, how does installing stringent thermal insulation influence energy efficiency investment decisions thereafter? A mathematical model that embeds a…

      Walid Matar

      2021
      Can Oil Refiners Adjust to a Greater Supply of Shale Oil?
      Future of Global Oil Markets

      Can Oil Refiners Adjust to a Greater Supply of Shale Oil?

      Walid Matar, Rami Shabaneh

      The advent of American shale oil and its prospects for continued production growth have raised concerns about whether oil refineries can handle the increasingly lighter crude oil supply. To provide a perspective on this issue, we run a global oil…

      Walid Matar Matar, Walid
      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      6 January 2021
      Real Gross Domestic Income for Saudi Arabia: A Measure of National Income
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Real Gross Domestic Income for Saudi Arabia: A Measure of National Income

      Anwar Gasim, Walid Matar

      “A country’s national income is defined as the total market value of its output. The most used measure for national income is gross domestic product (GDP). One way to estimate GDP for a country is to sum its government consumption,…

      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      Walid Matar Matar, Walid
      27 December 2020
      On the Incremental Investment in Residential Energy Efficiency: A Saudi Perspective
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      On the Incremental Investment in Residential Energy Efficiency: A Saudi Perspective

      Walid Matar

      It has been shown in the literature that, in aggregate, actual household energy efficiency adoption is less than would be expected economically. Energy economists and policy analysts have described this phenomenon as the ‘energy efficiency gap.’ There could be myriad…

      Walid Matar Matar, Walid
      14 September 2020
      A Look Back on Saudi Fossil Fuel Incentives in the Last Decade

      A Look Back on Saudi Fossil Fuel Incentives in the Last Decade

      Walid Matar

      The Joint Organisations Data Initiative (JODI) and the Saudi Electricity Company (SEC) have just released energy use data for 2019. This insight provides an up-to-date estimation of how fossil fuel incentives have changed in 2019 compared with 2009.

      Walid Matar Matar, Walid
      19 April 2020
      Natural Gas Strategies for the Saudi Energy System
      Future of Natural Gas Markets

      Natural Gas Strategies for the Saudi Energy System

      Walid Matar, Rami Shabaneh

      Fuel prices in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia have historically been below international market values. This has stimulated rapid growth in primary energy demand. The Kingdom’s natural gas demand has now outstripped its domestic production, forcing the government to impose…

      Walid Matar Matar, Walid
      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      13 January 2020
      Viability of Seasonal Natural Gas Storage in the Saudi Energy System
      Future of Natural Gas Markets

      Viability of Seasonal Natural Gas Storage in the Saudi Energy System

      Walid Matar, Rami Shabaneh

      Saudi Arabia expects to double its natural gas production within the next decade. This increased domestic supply is expected to meet the demand for gas from Saudi Arabia’s industrial development and, most importantly, to displace liquid fuels in its electricity…

      Walid Matar Matar, Walid
      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      8 December 2019