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      Using Satellite Technology to Measure Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Saudi Arabia
      Climate Change Policies and Governance

      Using Satellite Technology to Measure Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Saudi Arabia

      Anwar Gasim, Walid Matar, Abdelrahman Muhsen

      Measuring and monitoring greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are crucial to address climate change and fulfill Paris Agreement objectives. This paper explores the potential of satellite technology in measuring and tracking CH4, CO2, and N2O emissions in Saudi Arabia, collaborating with…

      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      Walid Matar Matar, Walid
      Abdelrahman Muhsen Muhsen, Abdelrahman
      7 December 2023
      Methane Emissions Baseline Forecasts for Saudi Arabia Using the Structural Time Series Model and Autometrics
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Methane Emissions Baseline Forecasts for Saudi Arabia Using the Structural Time Series Model and Autometrics

      Anwar Gasim, Lester C. Hunt, Jeyhun Mikayilov

      Reducing methane (CH4) emissions is key to near-term efforts to limit global warming. CH4 is the second most abundant anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) in the atmosphere after carbon dioxide (CO2). The production, transport, and consumption of fossil fuels, in addition…

      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      Lester C. Hunt Hunt, Lester C.
      Jeyhun Mikayilov Mikayilov, Jeyhun
      14 September 2023
      Aggregate Real Energy Price Index
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Aggregate Real Energy Price Index

      Abdulelah Darandary, Anwar Gasim

      Our aggregate real energy index is constructed in two steps. First, sectoral energy prices are obtained from Hasanov et al (2020). Second, the index is constructed by calculating a weighted average of these sectoral energy prices, in which the weight…

      Abdulelah Darandary Darandary, Abdulelah
      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      5 September 2023
      Projecting Saudi Arabia’s CO2 Dynamic Baselines to 2060: A Multivariate Approach
      Models, Data and Tools

      Projecting Saudi Arabia’s CO2 Dynamic Baselines to 2060: A Multivariate Approach

      Abdulelah Darandary, Anwar Gasim, Lester C. Hunt, Jeyhun Mikayilov

      As a party to the Paris Agreement, which aims to limit the global average temperature rise to below 2 degrees and keep it as close as possible to 1.5 degrees Celsius, Saudi Arabia has submitted its nationally determined contribution (NDC).…

      Abdulelah Darandary Darandary, Abdulelah
      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      Lester C. Hunt Hunt, Lester C.
      Jeyhun Mikayilov Mikayilov, Jeyhun
      6 June 2023
      Methane Emissions Baseline Forecasts for Saudi Arabia Using the Structural Time Series Model and Autometrics
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Methane Emissions Baseline Forecasts for Saudi Arabia Using the Structural Time Series Model and Autometrics

      Anwar Gasim, Lester C. Hunt, Jeyhun Mikayilov

      Reducing methane (CH4) emissions is key to near-term efforts to limit global warming. CH4 is the second most abundant anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) in the atmosphere after carbon dioxide (CO2). The production, transport, and consumption of fossil fuels, in addition…

      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      Lester C. Hunt Hunt, Lester C.
      Jeyhun Mikayilov Mikayilov, Jeyhun
      14 May 2023
      Baseline Forecasts of Carbon Dioxide Emissions for Saudi Arabia Using the Structural Time Series Model and Autometrics
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Baseline Forecasts of Carbon Dioxide Emissions for Saudi Arabia Using the Structural Time Series Model and Autometrics

      Anwar Gasim, Lester C. Hunt, Jeyhun Mikayilov

      As a party to the Paris Agreement, Saudi Arabia submitted a baseline emissions reduction target as part of its nationally determined contribution. The baseline target rests on the development of a baseline emissions scenario. This is a counterfactual scenario that…

      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      Lester C. Hunt Hunt, Lester C.
      Jeyhun Mikayilov Mikayilov, Jeyhun
      11 May 2023
      The Rebound Effect in Residential Energy Demand: The Case of Saudi Arabia
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      The Rebound Effect in Residential Energy Demand: The Case of Saudi Arabia

      Mohammad Aldubyan, Fateh Belaïd, Anwar Gasim

      A Bird’s-Eye View of the Rebound Effect Although the rebound effect phenomenon has sparked heightened policy and academic debate in recent years, the topic is not new. The concept of rebound – and its extreme form, “backfire”, where energy efficiency…

      Mohammad Aldubyan Aldubyan, Mohammad
      Fateh Belaïd Belaïd, Fateh
      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      8 May 2023
      What Drove Saudi Arabia’s 2020 Fall in CO2 Emissions?
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      What Drove Saudi Arabia’s 2020 Fall in CO2 Emissions?

      Thamir Al Shehri, Jan Frederik Braun, Anwar Gasim, Mari Luomi

      In June 2021, the energy data provider Enerdata released its initial estimates for Saudi Arabia’s 2020 carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The data indicate that the Kingdom’s CO2 emissions from fuel combustion decreased by 3.3%, from 508.3 million tonnes of CO2…

      Thamir Al Shehri Al Shehri, Thamir
      Jan Frederik Braun Braun, Jan Frederik
      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      Mari Luomi Luomi, Mari
      29 December 2021
      Real Gross Domestic Income for Saudi Arabia: A Measure of National Income
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Real Gross Domestic Income for Saudi Arabia: A Measure of National Income

      Anwar Gasim, Walid Matar

      “A country’s national income is defined as the total market value of its output. The most used measure for national income is gross domestic product (GDP). One way to estimate GDP for a country is to sum its government consumption,…

      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      Walid Matar Matar, Walid
      27 December 2020
      What Happened to Residential Electricity Consumption in Saudi Arabia Between 2015 and 2018?
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      What Happened to Residential Electricity Consumption in Saudi Arabia Between 2015 and 2018?

      Mohammad Aldubyan, Anwar Gasim

      Between 2007 and 2018, residential electricity consumption in Saudi Arabia increased by 45%, from around 89 terawatthours (TWh) to 130 TWh (SAMA 2019). Population and gross domestic product (GDP) are two key factors that influence residential electricity consumption.

      Mohammad Aldubyan Aldubyan, Mohammad
      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      26 August 2020
      Why Did Domestic Gasoline Prices Fall in Saudi Arabia?

      Why Did Domestic Gasoline Prices Fall in Saudi Arabia?

      Anwar Gasim, Mohammad Aldubyan

      What is behind the dramatic fall in gasoline prices? On May 11, 2020, Saudi Arabia slashed its domestic gasoline prices. The price of 91-octane gasoline fell from 1.31 to 0.67 Saudi Arabian riyals (SAR) per liter, while the price of…

      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      Mohammad Aldubyan Aldubyan, Mohammad
      7 June 2020
      Industrial Energy Consumption in Saudi Arabia
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Industrial Energy Consumption in Saudi Arabia

      Anwar Gasim

      In 2017, Saudi Arabia’s total final energy consumption was 140.7 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe). Total final energy consumption is defined as energy used by final consumers (or end users). It includes electricity use in residential buildings, gasoline use…

      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      31 May 2020
      Modelling industrial energy demand in Saudi Arabia

      Modelling industrial energy demand in Saudi Arabia

      Portsmouth

      Between 1986 and 2016, industrial energy consumption in Saudi Arabia increased by tenfold, making it one of the largest end-use sectors in the Kingdom. Despite its importance, there appear to be no published econometric studies on aggregate industrial energy demand…

      Anwar Gasim, Shahad Alarenan, Lester C. Hunt

      2020
      Modeling Industrial Energy Demand in Saudi Arabia and Understanding Its Drivers
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Modeling Industrial Energy Demand in Saudi Arabia and Understanding Its Drivers

      Shahad Alarenan, Anwar Gasim, Lester C. Hunt

      In 2016 Saudi Arabia’s industrial (or manufacturing) sector accounted for 30.3% of total final energy consumption (IEA 2018a). When non-energy use (mainly feedstock for the petrochemical subsector) is included, the industrial sector᾽s share of total final energy consumption rises to…

      Shahad Alarenan Alarenan, Shahad
      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      Lester C. Hunt Hunt, Lester C.
      3 December 2019
      Gasoline Price Reform in Saudi Arabia

      Gasoline Price Reform in Saudi Arabia

      Anwar Gasim, Mohammad Aldubyan

      Saudi Arabia has been adjusting gasoline prices on a quarterly basis since the start of 2019, with the most recent adjustment occurring on July 14, 2019. These adjustments depend on changes in international oil prices, and are smaller than the…

      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      Mohammad Aldubyan Aldubyan, Mohammad
      1 September 2019