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      IMO GHG Emission Reduction Strategy: Insight into the Alignment of Saudi Arabia’s Efforts at Maritime Decarbonization
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      IMO GHG Emission Reduction Strategy: Insight into the Alignment of Saudi Arabia’s Efforts at Maritime Decarbonization

      Ahm Mehbub Anwar, Nora Nezamuddin

      On July 7, 2023, member states of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) met in London, UK, at the 80th session of the Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC 80), where they adopted a revised strategy to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions…

      Ahm Mehbub Anwar Anwar, Ahm Mehbub
      Nora Nezamuddin Nezamuddin, Nora
      22 January 2024
      The Race to Offset Emissions from Airlines— How Is It Developing?
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      The Race to Offset Emissions from Airlines— How Is It Developing?

      Nora Nezamuddin, Lama Yaseen

      As a sector, aviation accounts for an estimated 2% of global energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, with the International Energy Agency (IEA) indicating that the growth in aviation in the last decade has been faster than that of roads, rail,…

      Nora Nezamuddin Nezamuddin, Nora
      Lama Yaseen Yaseen, Lama
      3 September 2023
      Future Fuel Demand From the Saudi Shipping Sector: A Business-as-Usual Estimation
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      Future Fuel Demand From the Saudi Shipping Sector: A Business-as-Usual Estimation

      Ahm Mehbub Anwar, Rubal Dua, Abdulrahman Alwosheel, Nora Nezamuddin

      The purpose of this commentary is to suggest a rough estimation of future exports and corresponding fuel consumption of the Saudi shipping sector up to 2040. For estimation purposes, we use two assumptions: A global average energy intensity of 0.078…

      Ahm Mehbub Anwar Anwar, Ahm Mehbub
      Rubal Dua Dua, Rubal
      Abdulrahman Alwosheel Alwosheel, Abdulrahman
      Nora Nezamuddin Nezamuddin, Nora
      21 August 2023
      Regional Energy Cooperation: Opportunities to Enhance the Saudi-India Relationship
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      Regional Energy Cooperation: Opportunities to Enhance the Saudi-India Relationship

      Yagyavalk Bhatt, Nora Nezamuddin

      Saudi Arabia and India, two of the fastest growing economies globally, play important roles in South Asia and the Middle East, respectively. Saudi-India relations have started to acquire a strategic dimension owing to the countries’ growing business opportunities, rising investment…

      Yagyavalk Bhatt Bhatt, Yagyavalk
      Nora Nezamuddin Nezamuddin, Nora
      9 April 2023
      Saudi Arabia’s Potential to Further Hydrogen Use in the Maritime Sector
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      Saudi Arabia’s Potential to Further Hydrogen Use in the Maritime Sector

      Nora Nezamuddin, Rami Shabaneh, Ahm Mehbub Anwar

      The United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 26) in Glasgow focussed on advancing low-carbon fuels to reach emissions abatement targets. The conference also reaffirmed the goals of the Paris Agreement: to secure global net-zero emissions by mid-century and limit the…

      Nora Nezamuddin Nezamuddin, Nora
      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      Ahm Mehbub Anwar Anwar, Ahm Mehbub
      21 March 2023
      Current and Future Trends in Saudi Arabia’s Container Throughput
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      Current and Future Trends in Saudi Arabia’s Container Throughput

      Ahm Mehbub Anwar, Nora Nezamuddin, Rubal Dua, Abdulrahman Alwosheel

      The maritime sector is a key pillar for the diversification of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s economy, and it has been prioritised by the Saudi government due to its strategic importance. Saudi Vision 2030 has set a target for making…

      Ahm Mehbub Anwar Anwar, Ahm Mehbub
      Nora Nezamuddin Nezamuddin, Nora
      Rubal Dua Dua, Rubal
      Abdulrahman Alwosheel Alwosheel, Abdulrahman
      25 May 2022
      Flight and Passenger Flows in Saudi Arabia

      Flight and Passenger Flows in Saudi Arabia

      Nora Nezamuddin, Abdelrahman Muhsen

      The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has four major international airports. They are King Khalid International Airport (RUH), King Abdulaziz International Airport (JED), King Fahd International Airport (DMM) and Prince Muhammed Bin Abdulaziz International Airport (MED). Before the COVID-19 pandemic,…

      Nora Nezamuddin Nezamuddin, Nora
      Abdelrahman Muhsen Muhsen, Abdelrahman
      28 September 2021
      Revisiting the Impact of COVID-19 on the Demand for Transport and Gasoline
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      Revisiting the Impact of COVID-19 on the Demand for Transport and Gasoline

      Nora Nezamuddin, Hatem Al Atawi

      The global outbreak of COVID-19 began in March 2020. As of April 2021, the global caseload has reached over 150 million. Governments globally have introduced various measures in an attempt to contain the virus’s spread. These measures have varied in…

      Nora Nezamuddin Nezamuddin, Nora
      Hatem Al Atawi Al Atawi, Hatem
      24 June 2021
      Impact of Sea-Level Rise and Extreme Events on Infrastructure Development in Global Trade and Logistics Supply Chain

      Impact of Sea-Level Rise and Extreme Events on Infrastructure Development in Global Trade and Logistics Supply Chain

      T20

      The rise in global sea levels and extreme events directly challenge the international freight infrastructure. This is particularly important considering the significance of sea-borne trade in international commerce and that key logistics and trade centers are located near coastal areas.…

      Aris Christodoulou, Athena Roumboutsos, Nora Nezamuddin, Lama Yaseen, Franklin Konuah, Thierry VaneIslander, Christa Sys, Anna Laura Petrucci, Hande Demirel

      2020
      Ensuring that Covid-19 Recovery Policies Support the Transformation to a Climate Neutral Society

      Ensuring that Covid-19 Recovery Policies Support the Transformation to a Climate Neutral Society

      T20

      Governments worldwide have pledged trillions of dollars for economic recovery from the crisis triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic. Without a targeted approach, these recovery programs can lead to a lock-in of high-carbon technologies. This would block the transformation toward climate…

      Axel Michaelowa, Abdelrahman Muhsen, Nora Nezamuddin, Mohammed Dabboor, Sonja Butzengeiger, Amm Quamruzzaman

      2020
      The Impact of the Coronavirus Lockdown on the Electricity Sectors in Saudi Arabia and India

      The Impact of the Coronavirus Lockdown on the Electricity Sectors in Saudi Arabia and India

      Yagyavalk Bhatt, Anushree Majumdar, Nora Nezamuddin

      Currently, an estimated third of the global population is under some form of government-imposed lockdown measure aimed at curbing the spread of COVID-19. These lockdown measures have had various negative economic effects and could decrease electricity demand (Business Insider 2020).…

      Yagyavalk Bhatt Bhatt, Yagyavalk
      Anushree Majumdar Majumdar, Anushree
      Nora Nezamuddin Nezamuddin, Nora
      5 July 2020
      The Impact of COVID-19 on Transport and Gasoline Demand

      The Impact of COVID-19 on Transport and Gasoline Demand

      Hatem Al Atawi, Nora Nezamuddin, Abdulelah Darandary

      In the last few months, the world has experienced the negative effects of COVID-19. The outbreak, which started as an epidemic concentrated in China, quickly spread to become a global pandemic. As of May 12, 2020, there have been over…

      Hatem Al Atawi Al Atawi, Hatem
      Nora Nezamuddin Nezamuddin, Nora
      Abdulelah Darandary Darandary, Abdulelah
      20 May 2020
      Designing Transport Policy for Sustainable Freight Movement in Saudi Arabia
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      Designing Transport Policy for Sustainable Freight Movement in Saudi Arabia

      Hector G. Lopez-Ruiz, Nora Nezamuddin, Abdelrahman Muhsen

      Logistics and infrastructure policy will play key roles in Saudi Arabia’s economic diversification and reform efforts. This study provides a quantitative assessment of specific measures related to freight transport, taking into consideration the heterogeneity of urban, regional and inter-regional localities…

      Hector G. Lopez-Ruiz Lopez-Ruiz, Hector G.
      Nora Nezamuddin Nezamuddin, Nora
      Abdelrahman Muhsen Muhsen, Abdelrahman
      27 April 2020
      Saudi Arabia Imports by Major Customs Ports (2014 – 2018)
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      Saudi Arabia Imports by Major Customs Ports (2014 – 2018)

      Nora Nezamuddin

      Saudi Arabia’s top three import destinations are the Jeddah Islamic Port, the King Abdulaziz Port in Dammam and the King Khalid International Airport with 29%, 20% and 12% of the total value of imports in 2018, respectively. The total value…

      Nora Nezamuddin Nezamuddin, Nora
      7 April 2020
      Sector Coupling, Regulatory Convergence and Climate Change

      Sector Coupling, Regulatory Convergence and Climate Change

      T20

      Climate change goals can be met through both the decarbonization of the electricity sector and the electrification of sectors that now use other fuels. However, the electricity sector is navigating major technological disruptions that are changing the essence of its…

      Rolando Fuentes, Lester C. Hunt, Baltasar Manzano, Nora Nezamuddin, Juan Jose Montero, Mathias Finger

      2020
      Estimating Freight Transport Activity Using Nighttime Lights Satellite Data in China, India and Saudi Arabia
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      Estimating Freight Transport Activity Using Nighttime Lights Satellite Data in China, India and Saudi Arabia

      Hector G. Lopez-Ruiz, Nora Nezamuddin, Abdelrahman Muhsen

      This paper focuses on the methodology for estimating total freight transport activity (FTA) for three countries  — China, India and Saudi Arabia  — with the objective of building on current state-of-the-art transportation modeling in three key areas: Studying the relationship…

      Hector G. Lopez-Ruiz Lopez-Ruiz, Hector G.
      Nora Nezamuddin Nezamuddin, Nora
      Abdelrahman Muhsen Muhsen, Abdelrahman
      9 May 2019