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      KAPSARC Oil Market Outlook
      Future of Global Oil Markets

      KAPSARC Oil Market Outlook

      The global oil market is likely to move into deficit as early as this quarter. The most significant driver of this shift has been strong compliance with the production cuts agreed by OPEC and its partners (OPEC+) at the group’s…

      6th August 2020
      Cooperate or Compete? Insights from Simulating a Global Oil Market with No Residual Supplier
      Future of Global Oil Markets

      Cooperate or Compete? Insights from Simulating a Global Oil Market with No Residual Supplier

      Bertrand Rioux, Abdullah AlJarboua, Fatih Karanfil, Axel Pierru, Shahd Alrashed, Colin Ward

      Structural changes in the global oil sector are disrupting conventional market dynamics and the roles played by competing and cooperating producers. Industry players are adjusting to the shale (or ‘tight’) oil revolution and the possibility of plateauing or peaking global…

      Bertrand Rioux Rioux, Bertrand
      Abdullah AlJarboua AlJarboua, Abdullah
      Fatih Karanfil Karanfil, Fatih
      Axel Pierru Pierru, Axel
      Shahd Alrashed Alrashed, Shahd
      Colin Ward Ward, Colin
      6th August 2020
      Trends in Global Solar PV Installation
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Trends in Global Solar PV Installation

      Amro Elshurafa

      Dozens of governments around the world have supported, and still support, renewable energy technology deployment, including solar photovoltaics (PV). This has been driven by their ambitions to be energy independent, meet carbon emissions reduction targets, and contribute to their domestic…

      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      27th July 2020
      Toward Fiscal Stability and Sustainable Development: The Role of Sovereign Funds in Saudi Arabia
      Energy and Economic Vulnerability

      Toward Fiscal Stability and Sustainable Development: The Role of Sovereign Funds in Saudi Arabia

      Nader AlKathiri

      The study, “Optimal Policies for Managing Oil Revenue Stabilization Funds: An illustration using Saudi Arabia,” conducted by researchers from KAPSARC, was recently published in the journal Resources Policy. It developed a model that optimizes the buildup and drawdown of a stabilization fund.  It…

      Nader AlKathiri AlKathiri, Nader
      26th July 2020
      The Fiscal Response to COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia

      The Fiscal Response to COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia

      Nader AlKathiri, Abdulelah Darandary, Ryan Alyamani

      The COVID-19 pandemic and the efforts to combat it have led to major global disruptions. Policymakers are faced with a dilemma that is not easily resolved. On the one hand, they are striving to protect public health by containing the…

      Nader AlKathiri AlKathiri, Nader
      Abdulelah Darandary Darandary, Abdulelah
      Ryan Alyamani Alyamani, Ryan
      26th July 2020
      The Impact of Recent Changes to China’s Plug-In Electric Vehicle Subsidy Design

      The Impact of Recent Changes to China’s Plug-In Electric Vehicle Subsidy Design

      Tamara Sheldon, Rubal Dua

      Subsidies that promote plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) adoption have been a key component of China’s overall plan for reducing local air pollution and the greenhouse gas emissions from its light-duty vehicle sector. Since 2009, PEVs qualify for substantial rebates (up…

      Tamara Sheldon Sheldon, Tamara
      Rubal Dua Dua, Rubal
      19th July 2020
      The Impact of Fiscal Policy on Non-Oil GDP in Saudi Arabia
      Energy and Economic Vulnerability Productivity and Economic Diversification

      The Impact of Fiscal Policy on Non-Oil GDP in Saudi Arabia

      Fakhri Hasanov, Nader AlKathiri, Saad Alshahrani, Ryan Alyamani

      A clear objective of Saudi Vision 2030, the strategic roadmap for the future of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is to put the non-oil sector at the heart of the country’s economic development. The vision realization programs (VRPs), such as…

      Fakhri Hasanov Hasanov, Fakhri
      Nader AlKathiri AlKathiri, Nader
      Saad Alshahrani Alshahrani, Saad
      Ryan Alyamani Alyamani, Ryan
      19th July 2020
      Simulating a Global Oil Market With No Residual Supplier
      Future of Global Oil Markets

      Simulating a Global Oil Market With No Residual Supplier

      Bertrand Rioux, Abdullah AlJarboua, Fatih Karanfil, Axel Pierru, Shahd Alrashed, Colin Ward

      Motivation and objective of the study What if OPEC decided to abandon organizing residual production collectively, transitioning the world permanently to a competitive oil market? This commentary is based on a forthcoming KAPSARC paper, “Cooperate or Compete? Insights from Simulating…

      Bertrand Rioux Rioux, Bertrand
      Abdullah AlJarboua AlJarboua, Abdullah
      Fatih Karanfil Karanfil, Fatih
      Axel Pierru Pierru, Axel
      Shahd Alrashed Alrashed, Shahd
      Colin Ward Ward, Colin
      16th July 2020
      Saudi Arabia’s CO2 Emissions Steady in 2019 Ahead of Expected 2020 Fall Due to COVID-19

      Saudi Arabia’s CO2 Emissions Steady in 2019 Ahead of Expected 2020 Fall Due to COVID-19

      Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Lanza, Thamir Alshehri, Jan Frederik Braun

      The 2019 data on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions have just been released ahead of an expected large fall in CO2 emissions in 2020 due to the impact of COVID-19. On June 3, Enerdata released its data for Saudi Arabia’s 2019…

      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      Thamir Alshehri Alshehri, Thamir
      Jan Frederik Braun Braun, Jan Frederik
      12th July 2020
      Social Distancing: The Impact of COVID-19 on Mobility in Saudi Arabia

      Social Distancing: The Impact of COVID-19 on Mobility in Saudi Arabia

      Hatem Al Atawi

      Saudi Arabia took early measures to combat the spread of COVID-19 by enforcing social distancing measures. Figure 1 compares the daily change in mobility1 requests submitted by users of Apple Maps in Saudi Arabia since February 27, 2020 (left axis)…

      Hatem Al Atawi Al Atawi, Hatem
      8th July 2020
      The Impact of the Coronavirus Lockdown on the Electricity Sectors in Saudi Arabia and India

      The Impact of the Coronavirus Lockdown on the Electricity Sectors in Saudi Arabia and India

      Yagyavalk Bhatt, Anushree Majumdar, Nora Nezamuddin

      Currently, an estimated third of the global population is under some form of government-imposed lockdown measure aimed at curbing the spread of COVID-19. These lockdown measures have had various negative economic effects and could decrease electricity demand (Business Insider 2020).…

      Yagyavalk Bhatt Bhatt, Yagyavalk
      Anushree Majumdar Majumdar, Anushree
      Nora Nezamuddin Nezamuddin, Nora
      5th July 2020
      Estimating the Size and Efficiency of the Saudi Vehicle Fleet
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      Estimating the Size and Efficiency of the Saudi Vehicle Fleet

      Rubal Dua

      Estimates of the size of Saudi Arabia’s vehicle fleet in 2015 vary from as high as 18 million (Arab News 2014) to as low as 6.6 million (OICA 2019). This significant variation stems from the fact that the Kingdom does…

      Rubal Dua Dua, Rubal
      24th June 2020
      Saudi Electricity Demand for 2018-2019 based on Saudi Electricity Company Data
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Saudi Electricity Demand for 2018-2019 based on Saudi Electricity Company Data

      Salaheddine Soummane

      Saudi electricity demand grew by 5% per year between 2010 and 2018. The Saudi government implemented two energy price reforms, in 2016 and 2018, which included significant electricity tariff hikes. The government also implemented a range of efficiency measures to…

      Salaheddine Soummane Soummane, Salaheddine
      21st June 2020
      Saudi Arabia’s Unfolding Power Sector Reform: Features, Challenges and Opportunities for Market Integration
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Saudi Arabia’s Unfolding Power Sector Reform: Features, Challenges and Opportunities for Market Integration

      Shahid Hasan, Turki Alaqeel, Nawaz Peerbocus

      Today, there is a physical exchange of electricity between Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. However, this is not the same as competitive trade in electricity. Numerous studies have shown the efficiency benefits of electricity trade among GCC countries. These studies…

      Shahid Hasan Hasan, Shahid
      Turki Alaqeel Alaqeel, Turki
      Nawaz Peerbocus Peerbocus, Nawaz
      21st June 2020
      Saudi Arabian Cement Companies: Upgrading Through Leveraging Overcapacity
      Regional Energy Markets

      Saudi Arabian Cement Companies: Upgrading Through Leveraging Overcapacity

      Jitendra Roychoudhury

      The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s annual cement production capacity of 72.4 million tonnes is the highest of any Gulf country. From 2001-2005, Saudi cement production grew at a compound annual growth rate of almost 8%. However, its annual production in…

      Jitendra Roychoudhury Roychoudhury, Jitendra
      21st June 2020