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      Trends in Global Solar PV Installation in 2020
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Trends in Global Solar PV Installation in 2020

      Amro Elshurafa

      Dozens of governments worldwide have supported, and still support, renewable energy technology deployment, including solar photovoltaics (PV). This has been driven by their ambitions to be energy independent, meet carbon emissions reduction targets, and contribute to their domestic economies through…

      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      26th July 2021
      Measuring to Manage: The Case for Improving CO2 Monitoring and Reporting in Saudi Arabia
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Measuring to Manage: The Case for Improving CO2 Monitoring and Reporting in Saudi Arabia

      Mari Luomi, Thamir Alshehri, Nicholas Howarth

      To support the transition to a circular carbon economy, there is an urgent need to develop robust domestic systems of carbon dioxide (CO2) and greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) monitoring and reporting in the Kingdom. Such systems provide the essential evidence…

      Mari Luomi Luomi, Mari
      Thamir Alshehri Alshehri, Thamir
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      13th July 2021
      Beyond Smart Meters

      Beyond Smart Meters

      Shahid Hasan, Noura Mansouri, Thamir Alshehri

      Over the last two decades, many countries have installed millions of smart meters to improve the efficiency, reliability, and quality of service in the electric power sector. Compared with traditional meters, smart meters measure consumers’ electricity usage at 5- or…

      Shahid Hasan Hasan, Shahid
      Noura Mansouri Mansouri, Noura
      Thamir Alshehri Alshehri, Thamir
      11th July 2021
      Saudi Arabia’s Clean Hydrogen Ambitions: Opportunities and Challenges
      Regional Energy Markets

      Saudi Arabia’s Clean Hydrogen Ambitions: Opportunities and Challenges

      Jan Frederik Braun, Rami Shabaneh

      Saudi Arabia is a prime example of a country with an immense potential for clean hydrogen, i.e., hydrogen derived from a production process in which carbon emissions into the atmosphere are avoided, mitigated, or captured and stored.  Fully leveraging clean hydrogen to…

      Jan Frederik Braun Braun, Jan Frederik
      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      30th June 2021
      Once Consumers Adopt an Electric Vehicle, Do They Go Back?
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      Once Consumers Adopt an Electric Vehicle, Do They Go Back?

      Rubal Dua, Prateek Bansal

      The lack of repeat adoption of low carbon technologies has implications for climate change mitigation. In this insight, we explore how many electric vehicle owners dispose of their electric vehicles and do not buy another when purchasing their next car.…

      Rubal Dua Dua, Rubal
      Prateek Bansal Bansal, Prateek
      29th June 2021
      The Circular Carbon Economy Index – Methodological Approach and Conceptual Framework
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      The Circular Carbon Economy Index – Methodological Approach and Conceptual Framework

      Mari Luomi, Fatih Yılmaz, Thamir Alshehri, Nicholas Howarth

      The circular carbon economy (CCE) approach, developed during Saudi Arabia’s G20 Presidency and endorsed by G20 leaders and energy ministers, can be used as a framework for holistic assessments of all available energy and emission management technologies within the confines…

      Mari Luomi Luomi, Mari
      Fatih Yılmaz Yılmaz, Fatih
      Thamir Alshehri Alshehri, Thamir
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      28th June 2021
      Revisiting the Impact of COVID-19 on the Demand for Transport and Gasoline
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      Revisiting the Impact of COVID-19 on the Demand for Transport and Gasoline

      Nora Nezamuddin, Hatem Al Atawi

      The global outbreak of COVID-19 began in March 2020. As of April 2021, the global caseload has reached over 150 million. Governments globally have introduced various measures in an attempt to contain the virus’s spread. These measures have varied in…

      Nora Nezamuddin Nezamuddin, Nora
      Hatem Al Atawi Al Atawi, Hatem
      24th June 2021
      How Cost-Effective Are Electric Vehicle Subsidies in Reducing Tailpipe-CO2 Emissions?
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      How Cost-Effective Are Electric Vehicle Subsidies in Reducing Tailpipe-CO2 Emissions?

      Tamara Sheldon, Rubal Dua, Omar Al Harbi

      The transportation sector accounts for 24% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (IEA 2020). Road transport is the most utilized mode because of its convenience (Van Essen 2008). However, it is also the most emissions intensive mode, accounting for 75%…

      Tamara Sheldon Sheldon, Tamara
      Rubal Dua Dua, Rubal
      Omar Al Harbi Omar Al Harbi
      8th June 2021
      If Renewable Energy is Getting Cheaper, Why Are Electricity Prices Increasing?
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      If Renewable Energy is Getting Cheaper, Why Are Electricity Prices Increasing?

      Salaheddine Soummane

      In this commentary, we discuss the impact of renewable energy penetration on end-user electricity prices driven by the observed development in European countries since 2000. We conclude with a discussion on how Saudi Arabia is benefiting from its development of…

      Salaheddine Soummane Soummane, Salaheddine
      6th June 2021
      Assessing the Role of Renewables in Reducing Emissions in the Saudi Power Sector Using Mixed-Integer Optimization
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Assessing the Role of Renewables in Reducing Emissions in the Saudi Power Sector Using Mixed-Integer Optimization

      Amro Elshurafa, Hatem Al Atawi, Salaheddine Soummane, Frank Felder

      Renewable energy (RE) technologies are viewed as a critical means of reducing power sector-related emissions. Using mixed-integer optimization, we evaluate the extent to which renewable energy reduces carbon emissions in the Saudi power sector.

      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      Hatem Al Atawi Al Atawi, Hatem
      Salaheddine Soummane Soummane, Salaheddine
      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      2nd June 2021
      Global Trends in Cloud Computing and Saudi Arabia’s Response
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Global Trends in Cloud Computing and Saudi Arabia’s Response

      Hatem Al Atawi, Amro Elshurafa

      As data centers become operational in the Kingdom, they will be an additional driver of long-term electricity demand. KAPSARC is actively studying these challenges and their implications for the economy by modeling and forecasting electricity demand.

      Hatem Al Atawi Al Atawi, Hatem
      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      2nd June 2021
      Will Shale Impede or Accelerate the Global Energy Transition?
      Future of Global Oil Markets

      Will Shale Impede or Accelerate the Global Energy Transition?

      United States (U.S.) shale has transformed oil market dynamics in ways we never thought possible. Shale oil has transformed the oil supply curve through massive supply shocks, such as the rapid increase in tight oil production over the past decade,…

      2nd June 2021
      KAPSARC Oil Market Outlook
      Future of Global Oil Markets

      KAPSARC Oil Market Outlook

      Total global oil demand is expected to increase year-on-year (YoY) by 4.3 million barrels per day (MMb/d) in 2021 to 96.3 MMb/d. It is expected to further grow by 3.2 MMb/d in 2022 (300,000 barrels per day [Kb/d] less than…

      2nd May 2021
      India’s Political Ambition of Implementing Plug-In Electric Vehicle Sales Targets
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      India’s Political Ambition of Implementing Plug-In Electric Vehicle Sales Targets

      Yagyavalk Bhatt, Rubal Dua

      The Indian transportation sector is going through a massive transition, especially the light-duty vehicle (LDV) sector. Policymakers consider the electrification of road transport to be one of the ways of solving India’s triple problem of increasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions,…

      Yagyavalk Bhatt Bhatt, Yagyavalk
      Rubal Dua Dua, Rubal
      26th April 2021
      Fiscal Policy for Stability in Oil-Exporting Countries: From the Old Problems to the Challenges of COVID-19
      Energy and Economic Vulnerability

      Fiscal Policy for Stability in Oil-Exporting Countries: From the Old Problems to the Challenges of COVID-19

      Olivier Durand-Lasserve, Fatih Karanfil

      Since the Great Recession of 2008, oil-exporting countries have had to adjust their fiscal policies to respond to larger oil price variations and increased unpredictability. This commentary provides insights into the relationship between oil prices and fiscal policies in emerging…

      Olivier Durand-Lasserve Durand-Lasserve, Olivier
      Fatih Karanfil Karanfil, Fatih
      25th April 2021