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      Cost, Emission, and Macroeconomic Implications of Diesel Displacement in the Saudi Agricultural Sector: Options and Policy Insights
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Cost, Emission, and Macroeconomic Implications of Diesel Displacement in the Saudi Agricultural Sector: Options and Policy Insights

      Amro Elshurafa, Hatem Al Atawi, Fakhri Hasanov, Frank Felder

      The Saudi agricultural sector relies on diesel for irrigation, which is provided to farmers at a much lower price than the average global price, implying significant opportunity costs. With the aid of soft-coupled power and macro-econometric models, we assess the…

      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      Hatem Al Atawi Al Atawi, Hatem
      Fakhri Hasanov Hasanov, Fakhri
      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      24th August 2022
      Keeping the Nuclear Energy Option Open
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Keeping the Nuclear Energy Option Open

      Noura Mansouri, Robert J. Budnitz, H-Holger Rogner, Charles McCombie, Robert N. Schock, Adnan Shihab-Eldin

      Nuclear energy is already playing a crucial role in reducing emissions from electricity generation. However, if this role is not expanded, achieving the international goal of avoiding unacceptable global climate change will be extremely difficult. The evidence presented in this…

      Noura Mansouri Mansouri, Noura
      Robert J. Budnitz Robert J. Budnitz
      H-Holger Rogner H-Holger Rogner
      Charles McCombie Charles McCombie
      Robert N. Schock Robert N. Schock
      Adnan Shihab-Eldin Adnan Shihab-Eldin
      23rd August 2022
      One Year After the Texas Blackout: Lessons for Reliable and Resilient Power Systems
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      One Year After the Texas Blackout: Lessons for Reliable and Resilient Power Systems

      Marie Petitet, Frank Felder, Khalid Alhadhrami

      In February 2021, Texas experienced an extreme cold snap causing a dramatic electricity blackout that left millions of households without electricity, resulting in over 200 fatalities and economic damages of approximately $100 billion. The Texas blackout has been used to…

      Marie Petitet Marie Petitet
      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      Khalid Alhadhrami Khalid Alhadhrami
      14th June 2022
      Investing in Net-Zero Emission Ambitions: Global ESG Frameworks and CCUS Projects
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Investing in Net-Zero Emission Ambitions: Global ESG Frameworks and CCUS Projects

      Fatih Yılmaz, Adam Sieminski

      Achieving global net zero emission (NZE) goals necessitates trillions of US$ of annual investment in various mitigation technologies. While a significant portion of this investment is expected to take place in mainstream mitigation technologies (e.g., renewable energy), low carbon technologies…

      Fatih Yılmaz Yılmaz, Fatih
      Adam Sieminski Adam Sieminski
      14th June 2022
      Policy Responses to the Reliability Crisis in the Power Grid
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Policy Responses to the Reliability Crisis in the Power Grid

      Frank Felder

      From China, Europe, Central Asia, India and to the United States, there is a reliability crisis in electric power grids. Why are power grids so brittle and what should policymakers do?

      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      6th June 2022
      The Implications for the Power Sector from Innovation by Startup Companies
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      The Implications for the Power Sector from Innovation by Startup Companies

      Rolando Fuentes, Dongmei Chen

      We compiled a multi-regional database of 320 startups from 36 countries whose focus is on new technologies in the electricity sector. To reach this number, we performed internet searches with neutral key words such as ‘startups,’ ‘electricity,’ ‘innovation,’ and avoided…

      Rolando Fuentes Fuentes, Rolando
      Dongmei Chen Chen, Dongmei
      25th May 2022
      Understanding the Dynamics of the Renewable Energy Transition: The Determinants and Future Projections Under Different Scenarios
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Understanding the Dynamics of the Renewable Energy Transition: The Determinants and Future Projections Under Different Scenarios

      Fatih Yılmaz

      The global energy system’s current structure has severe environmental consequences that necessitate an urgent transformation toward more sustainable alternatives. Besides many available mitigation actions, such as enhancing energy efficiency, deploying nuclear energy, switching fuels and adopting carbon capture technologies, renewable…

      Fatih Yılmaz Yılmaz, Fatih
      11th May 2022
      Cross-seasonal Fuel Savings from Load Shifting in the Saudi Industrial Sector
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Cross-seasonal Fuel Savings from Load Shifting in the Saudi Industrial Sector

      Salaheddine Soummane, Amro Elshurafa, Hatem Al Atawi, Frank Felder

      Load shifting, that is, moving demand from peak to off-peak hours, is an important type of demand response. It can reduce the overall operating costs of a power system and improve the reliability of the power grid. This study estimates…

      Salaheddine Soummane Soummane, Salaheddine
      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      Hatem Al Atawi Al Atawi, Hatem
      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      11th April 2022
      Achieving Renewable Energy Targets Without Compromising the Power Sector’s Reliability
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Achieving Renewable Energy Targets Without Compromising the Power Sector’s Reliability

      Amro Elshurafa, Frank Felder, Nezar Alhaidari

      Saudi Arabia’s Ministry of Energy has set ambitious renewable energy goals. Although the Kingdom’s current energy mix is dominated by conventional energy (>95%), it aims to draw 50% of its energy from renewable sources by 2030. Currently, the Kingdom enjoys…

      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      Nezar Alhaidari Nezar Alhaidari
      22nd March 2022
      Renewables, Reliability and Efficiency in Electricity Markets
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Renewables, Reliability and Efficiency in Electricity Markets

      Frank Felder, Marie Petitet

      The choice to use electricity markets to transition to an ultra-high renewable electricity sector depends on whether a high level of reliability and efficiency can be achieved. This study presents a reliability, resiliency and adaptability policy framework for a liberalized…

      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      Marie Petitet Marie Petitet
      29th December 2021
      Will COP26 Recognize a Role for Nuclear Energy in the Clean Energy Mix?
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Will COP26 Recognize a Role for Nuclear Energy in the Clean Energy Mix?

      Noura Mansouri, Adnan Shihab-Eldin

      Next month, the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26), hosted by the United Kingdom, will discuss the big challenge facing the world’s governments, which is how to limit the average rise in global temperatures above pre-industrial levels to below…

      Noura Mansouri Mansouri, Noura
      Adnan Shihab-Eldin Adnan Shihab-Eldin
      4th November 2021
      Future Trends in Electricity Demand in Saudi Arabia and the Gulf Region
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Future Trends in Electricity Demand in Saudi Arabia and the Gulf Region

      Long-term electricity demand projections are fundamental for power generation expansion planning and for broader energy policy formulation. Studies show that electricity demand in Saudi Arabia and the GCC region has been growing rapidly over the past decades. This growth has…

      13th October 2021
      How Can Energy Storage Catalyze the Electricity Policies of Gulf Cooperation Council Members? Issues and Options
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      How Can Energy Storage Catalyze the Electricity Policies of Gulf Cooperation Council Members? Issues and Options

      Rolando Fuentes, Shahid Hasan, Frank Felder

      Saudi Arabia and other Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) members are working in parallel to reform their electricity markets and achieve ambitious renewable energy deployment goals. The motivation for this agenda is multifaceted, and increasing economic efficiency is one of several…

      Rolando Fuentes Fuentes, Rolando
      Shahid Hasan Hasan, Shahid
      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      27th September 2021
      Projecting Saudi Sectoral Electricity Demand in 2030 Using a Computable General Equilibrium Model
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Projecting Saudi Sectoral Electricity Demand in 2030 Using a Computable General Equilibrium Model

      Salaheddine Soummane, Frédéric Ghersi

      Projecting future demand for electricity is central to power sector planning, as these projections inform capacity investment requirements and related infrastructure expansions. Electricity is not currently economically storable in large volumes. Thus, the underlying drivers of electricity demand and potential…

      Salaheddine Soummane Soummane, Salaheddine
      Frédéric Ghersi Frédéric Ghersi
      9th September 2021
      Climate and Power System Reliability in the Aftermath of the Texas Blackouts
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Climate and Power System Reliability in the Aftermath of the Texas Blackouts

      Marie Petitet, Burcin Unel, Rolando Fuentes, Frank Felder

      The February 2021 blackout in Texas underscored the importance of reliable and resilient power systems. In this commentary, we discuss the roles of regulators, markets, fuel and generation supply chains, and interdependent infrastructures, and finds that they need to be…

      Marie Petitet Marie Petitet
      Burcin Unel Burcin Unel
      Rolando Fuentes Fuentes, Rolando
      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      25th August 2021
      If Renewable Energy is Getting Cheaper, Why Are Electricity Prices Increasing?
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      If Renewable Energy is Getting Cheaper, Why Are Electricity Prices Increasing?

      Salaheddine Soummane

      In this commentary, we discuss the impact of renewable energy penetration on end-user electricity prices driven by the observed development in European countries since 2000. We conclude with a discussion on how Saudi Arabia is benefiting from its development of…

      Salaheddine Soummane Soummane, Salaheddine
      6th June 2021
      Assessing the Role of Renewables in Reducing Emissions in the Saudi Power Sector Using Mixed-Integer Optimization
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Assessing the Role of Renewables in Reducing Emissions in the Saudi Power Sector Using Mixed-Integer Optimization

      Amro Elshurafa, Hatem Al Atawi, Salaheddine Soummane, Frank Felder

      Renewable energy (RE) technologies are viewed as a critical means of reducing power sector-related emissions. Using mixed-integer optimization, we evaluate the extent to which renewable energy reduces carbon emissions in the Saudi power sector.

      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      Hatem Al Atawi Al Atawi, Hatem
      Salaheddine Soummane Soummane, Salaheddine
      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      2nd June 2021
      Overview of Saudi Electricity Demand (1970–2018)
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Overview of Saudi Electricity Demand (1970–2018)

      Salaheddine Soummane

      Saudi Arabia’s demand for electricity is undergoing unprecedented changes. In recent years, the government has implemented several efficiency measures and pricing reforms to curb demand growth. These measures started delivering concrete results in 2016. After decades of rapid growth, the…

      Salaheddine Soummane Soummane, Salaheddine
      29th March 2021