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      Saudi Arabia’s Clean Hydrogen Ambitions: Opportunities and Challenges
      Regional Energy Markets

      Saudi Arabia’s Clean Hydrogen Ambitions: Opportunities and Challenges

      Jan Frederik Braun, Rami Shabaneh

      Saudi Arabia is a prime example of a country with an immense potential for clean hydrogen, i.e., hydrogen derived from a production process in which carbon emissions into the atmosphere are avoided, mitigated, or captured and stored.  Fully leveraging clean hydrogen to…

      Jan Frederik Braun Braun, Jan Frederik
      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      30th June 2021
      Charting Saudi Energy Flows
      Regional Energy Markets

      Charting Saudi Energy Flows

      Andrew Stanley

      KAPSARC has developed an energy flow chart for Saudi Arabia. The graphic provides a comprehensive view of the Kingdom’s energy profile, breaking down energy supply by source, sector, and electric power.      

      Andrew Stanley Andrew Stanley
      21st December 2020
      Saudi Arabia Energy Report
      Regional Energy Markets Models, Data and Tools Electricity Sector Transitions

      Saudi Arabia Energy Report

      Abeer AlGhamdi

      Saudi Arabia is one of the world’s leading oil producers and exporters. It has the second-largest proven crude oil reserves after Venezuela. Saudi Arabia’s oil reserves have made it one of the most significant players in the global oil market.…

      Abeer AlGhamdi AlGhamdi, Abeer
      15th December 2020
      Energy Security and Portfolio Diversification: The Exporter’s Perspective
      Regional Energy Markets

      Energy Security and Portfolio Diversification: The Exporter’s Perspective

      Philipp Galkin, Carlo Andrea Bollino

      Despite the increasing attention paid to energy security and the continuously broadening scope of the field, the perspective of energy importing countries (i.e., supply security) has overshadowed that of exporters, who seek to ensure demand security. As official statements and…

      Philipp Galkin Galkin, Philipp
      Carlo Andrea Bollino Bollino, Carlo Andrea
      25th November 2020
      Saudi Arabian Cement Companies: Upgrading Through Leveraging Overcapacity
      Regional Energy Markets

      Saudi Arabian Cement Companies: Upgrading Through Leveraging Overcapacity

      Jitendra Roychoudhury

      The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s annual cement production capacity of 72.4 million tonnes is the highest of any Gulf country. From 2001-2005, Saudi cement production grew at a compound annual growth rate of almost 8%. However, its annual production in…

      Jitendra Roychoudhury Roychoudhury, Jitendra
      21st June 2020
      Energy Exchanges on GCCIA Interconnector
      Electricity Sector Transitions Regional Energy Markets

      Energy Exchanges on GCCIA Interconnector

      Turki Alaqeel, Shahid Hasan

      The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) interconnection grid has linked the national grids of the six GCC countries since 2011. It is run by the GCC Interconnection Authority (GCCIA). It has been primarily designed to provide GCC member countries with alternative…

      Turki Alaqeel Alaqeel, Turki
      Shahid Hasan Hasan, Shahid
      27th April 2020
      Implementing Alternative Pricing Policies in Economic Equilibrium Models Using the Extended Mathematical Programming Framework
      Regional Energy Markets

      Implementing Alternative Pricing Policies in Economic Equilibrium Models Using the Extended Mathematical Programming Framework

      Bertrand Rioux, Abdullah AlJarboua, Frederic Murphy, Axel Pierru

      Standard economic optimization models represent markets in perfect competition. They are commonly used, though they may not accurately represent real-world policies and regulations. Equilibrium models built using a mixed complementarity problem (MCP) approach are capable of simulating more flexible pricing…

      Bertrand Rioux Rioux, Bertrand
      Abdullah AlJarboua AlJarboua, Abdullah
      Frederic Murphy Murphy, Frederic
      Axel Pierru Pierru, Axel
      12th March 2020
      Policy and Economic Frameworks to Deepen Sino-Saudi Cooperation
      Regional Energy Markets

      Policy and Economic Frameworks to Deepen Sino-Saudi Cooperation

      The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has expanded from 65 original member states during its official launch in 2015 to 131 as of April 2019. The countries of the Middle East and North Africa have generally welcomed the initiative and…

      9th March 2020
      China’s Energy Investment Through the Lens of the Belt and Road Initiative
      Regional Energy Markets

      China’s Energy Investment Through the Lens of the Belt and Road Initiative

      Philipp Galkin, Dongmei Chen, Junyuang Ke

      The Chinese government launched the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in 2013 as a vision to promote growth and cooperation among the economies of Asia and Europe. Over the five years since its inception, the BRI has expanded in both…

      Philipp Galkin Galkin, Philipp
      Dongmei Chen Chen, Dongmei
      Junyuang Ke Ke, Junyuang
      12th January 2020
      The Geopolitics of the Energy Transition
      Regional Energy Markets

      The Geopolitics of the Energy Transition

      Starting in 2017, KAPSARC and the Clingendael International Energy Program (CIEP) have convened a series of workshops on the Role of Oil in the Low Carbon Energy Transition. This workshop held on April 25th, 2019 took place in Hus Clingendael,…

      24th November 2019
      Behavioral Analysis on Developing a GCC Power Market
      Regional Energy Markets

      Behavioral Analysis on Developing a GCC Power Market

      Nourah Al Hosain

      In 2011, the Gulf Cooperation Council Interconnection Authority (GCCIA) completed the construction of a regional power grid connecting the Gulf states. Its main purpose was to provide backup in case of power emergencies. The grid also increases the likelihood of…

      Nourah Al Hosain Al Hosain, Nourah
      29th September 2019
      KAPSARC’s Contribution to Evaluating the Impact of Price Controls
      Regional Energy Markets Models, Data and Tools

      KAPSARC’s Contribution to Evaluating the Impact of Price Controls

      Axel Pierru, Walid Matar

      The European Journal of Operational Research has just published a paper, “Measuring the effects of price controls using mixed complementarity models” (2019). It detailed a series of innovative modeling approaches developed by KAPSARC researchers over the last six years. The…

      Axel Pierru Pierru, Axel
      Walid Matar Matar, Walid
      1st September 2019
      Oman Electricity Sector: Features, Challenges and Opportunities for Market Integration
      Regional Energy Markets

      Oman Electricity Sector: Features, Challenges and Opportunities for Market Integration

      Shahid Hasan, Turki Alaqeel, Yagyavalk Bhatt, Abdullah Al-Badi, Mohammed Al-Badi

      This discussion paper is part of a KAPSARC research project initiated to develop insights that can facilitate the creation of a well-functioning integrated electricity market comprising the member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). The project identifies and examines…

      Shahid Hasan Hasan, Shahid
      Turki Alaqeel Alaqeel, Turki
      Yagyavalk Bhatt Bhatt, Yagyavalk
      Abdullah Al-Badi Abdullah Al-Badi
      Mohammed Al-Badi Mohammed Al-Badi
      29th May 2019
      Energy Governance in China: The Structures and Processes of Government Decision-Making
      Regional Energy Markets

      Energy Governance in China: The Structures and Processes of Government Decision-Making

      Dongmei Chen, Paul Mollet, Brian Efird

      This paper describes the current governance structure of China’s energy sector. The interplay between central government, the Communist Party, regional governments and key economic actors within the framework of China’s five-year planning processes are complex and constantly evolving. As such,…

      Dongmei Chen Chen, Dongmei
      Paul Mollet Mollet, Paul
      Brian Efird Efird, Brian
      14th May 2019
      Deepening Cooperation Between Saudi Arabia and China
      Regional Energy Markets

      Deepening Cooperation Between Saudi Arabia and China

      Dongmei Chen, Wenke Han

      In recent decades China and Saudi Arabia have gradually deepened their collaboration in many areas. Five indicators are used to assess the overall progress of the two countries’ collaboration and to help form recommendations for ways to improve the integration between…

      Dongmei Chen Chen, Dongmei
      Wenke Han Wenke Han
      27th March 2019
      Abu Dhabi Electricity Sector – Features, Challenges and Opportunities for Market Integration
      Regional Energy Markets

      Abu Dhabi Electricity Sector – Features, Challenges and Opportunities for Market Integration

      Shahid Hasan, Turki Alaqeel, Iqbal Adjali, Yagyavalk Bhatt

      The emirate of Abu Dhabi was the first in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) to design and implement reforms aimed at moving away from a wholly government-owned vertically-integrated electricity market structure. From 1998, Abu Dhabi introduced several policy, legislative, structural…

      Shahid Hasan Hasan, Shahid
      Turki Alaqeel Alaqeel, Turki
      Iqbal Adjali Adjali, Iqbal
      Yagyavalk Bhatt Bhatt, Yagyavalk
      3rd March 2019
      Electricity Tariff Changes in Saudi Arabia 1974-2018
      Models, Data and Tools Regional Energy Markets

      Electricity Tariff Changes in Saudi Arabia 1974-2018

      Abeer AlGhamdi

      The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s households account for around 50% of national power consumption, with more than 7 million residential customers in 2017. The majority of this power is used for air conditioning and cooling systems due to the climate…

      Abeer AlGhamdi AlGhamdi, Abeer
      30th January 2019