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      Building Back Better in Saudi Arabia With Energy Efficiency
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Building Back Better in Saudi Arabia With Energy Efficiency

      Nicholas Howarth, Moncef Krarti, Thamir Alshehri, Eric Williams, Mohammad Aldubyan, Jan Frederik Braun, Elizabeth Carey

      The first priority for governments in managing the COVID-19 crisis is the health of their citizens. However, the implementation of restrictions on activity necessary for limiting the spread of the disease has caused the greatest global recession since the Great…

      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Moncef Krarti Krarti, Moncef
      Thamir Alshehri Alshehri, Thamir
      Eric Williams Williams, Eric
      Mohammad Aldubyan Aldubyan, Mohammad
      Jan Frederik Braun Braun, Jan Frederik
      Elizabeth Carey Carey, Elizabeth
      5th October 2021
      Measuring to Manage: The Case for Improving CO2 Monitoring and Reporting in Saudi Arabia
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Measuring to Manage: The Case for Improving CO2 Monitoring and Reporting in Saudi Arabia

      Mari Luomi, Thamir Alshehri, Nicholas Howarth

      To support the transition to a circular carbon economy, there is an urgent need to develop robust domestic systems of carbon dioxide (CO2) and greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) monitoring and reporting in the Kingdom. Such systems provide the essential evidence…

      Mari Luomi Luomi, Mari
      Thamir Alshehri Alshehri, Thamir
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      13th July 2021
      The Circular Carbon Economy Index – Methodological Approach and Conceptual Framework
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      The Circular Carbon Economy Index – Methodological Approach and Conceptual Framework

      Mari Luomi, Fatih Yılmaz, Thamir Alshehri, Nicholas Howarth

      The circular carbon economy (CCE) approach, developed during Saudi Arabia’s G20 Presidency and endorsed by G20 leaders and energy ministers, can be used as a framework for holistic assessments of all available energy and emission management technologies within the confines…

      Mari Luomi Luomi, Mari
      Fatih Yılmaz Yılmaz, Fatih
      Thamir Alshehri Alshehri, Thamir
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      28th June 2021
      Saudi Arabia’s CO2 Emissions Steady in 2019 Ahead of Expected 2020 Fall Due to COVID-19

      Saudi Arabia’s CO2 Emissions Steady in 2019 Ahead of Expected 2020 Fall Due to COVID-19

      Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Lanza, Thamir Alshehri, Jan Frederik Braun

      The 2019 data on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions have just been released ahead of an expected large fall in CO2 emissions in 2020 due to the impact of COVID-19. On June 3, Enerdata released its data for Saudi Arabia’s 2019…

      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      Thamir Alshehri Alshehri, Thamir
      Jan Frederik Braun Braun, Jan Frederik
      12th July 2020
      Saudi Arabia’s 2018 CO2 Emissions Fall Faster Than Expected

      Saudi Arabia’s 2018 CO2 Emissions Fall Faster Than Expected

      Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Lanza, Thamir Alshehri

      The Instant Insight published on December 03, 2019 (KS–2019-II16) was based on data downloaded from the following sources: Enerdata Global Energy & CO2 Database (www.enerdata.net), 9 September, 2019 Enerdata EnerDemand Database (www.enerdata.net), 9 September, 2019 Joint Organizations Data Initiative (JODI),…

      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      Thamir Alshehri Alshehri, Thamir
      21st January 2020
      Staying Cool in A Warming Climate: Temperature, Electricity and Air Conditioning in Saudi Arabia

      Staying Cool in A Warming Climate: Temperature, Electricity and Air Conditioning in Saudi Arabia

      MDPI

      As global temperatures warm and populations and incomes rise, the demand for cooling will soar, creating a positive feedback loop between global warming and electricity-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. This study explores the relationship between temperature, electricity, air conditioning (AC)…

      Nicholas Howarth, Natalia Odnoletkova, Thamir Alshehri, Abdulla Almadani, Alessandro Lanza, Tadeusz Patzek

      2020
      Enhancing Voluntary Collaboration on Cooling through the G20

      Enhancing Voluntary Collaboration on Cooling through the G20

      T20

      We propose that the Group of Twenty (G20) enhance voluntary collaboration on cooling. International cooperation for energy-efficient and sustainable cooling requires enhanced G20 joint leadership that strengthens existing initiatives, helps develop synergies, and addresses the new cooling challenges presented by…

      Nicholas Howarth, Noura Al-Saud, Mashael Alshalan, Thamir Alshehri, Moncef Krarti, Tadeusz Patzek, Natalia Odnoletkova, Maxime Beaugrand, Karan Mangotra, Yamina Saheb, Benoit Lebot

      2020
      What is Behind the Recent Fall in Saudi Arabia’s CO2 Emissions?

      What is Behind the Recent Fall in Saudi Arabia’s CO2 Emissions?

      Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Lanza, Thamir Alshehri

      The International Energy Agency has recently released data showing that in 2018 Saudi Arabia’s carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions fell by 15 million tonnes of CO2 (MtCO2), or 2.7%, from 577 MtCO2 to 562 MtCO2. This is significant as it is…

      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      Thamir Alshehri Alshehri, Thamir
      4th December 2019
      How does Saudi Arabia’s recent energy performance compare with other G20 countries?

      How does Saudi Arabia’s recent energy performance compare with other G20 countries?

      Baltasar Manzano, Rolando Fuentes, Nicholas Howarth

      The 68th annual edition of the BP Statistical Review, released recently, is a comprehensive account and analysis of global energy data. Saudi Arabia will be hosting the G20 summit in 2020, and the release of BP’s annual compilation provides a good opportunity…

      Baltasar Manzano Manzano, Baltasar
      Rolando Fuentes Fuentes, Rolando
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      20th August 2019
      Estimating the Multiple Benefits of Building Energy Efficiency in GCC Countries Using an Energy Productivity Framework
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Estimating the Multiple Benefits of Building Energy Efficiency in GCC Countries Using an Energy Productivity Framework

      Kankana Dubey, Nicholas Howarth, Moncef Krarti

      This report quantifies the direct and key indirect benefits of energy efficiency investment in buildings in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. It summarizes the key insights from individual country studies conducted as part of KAPSARC’s energy productivity project. This analysis indicates that…

      Kankana Dubey Dubey, Kankana
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Moncef Krarti Krarti, Moncef
      14th January 2019
      Toward Economic Prosperity Through Industrial Energy Productivity Improvement
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Toward Economic Prosperity Through Industrial Energy Productivity Improvement

      Dongmei Chen, Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Lanza, Padu Padmanabhan

      In this report, we explore the main trends and policies that relate to industrial energy productivity in China and Saudi Arabia, focusing on energy efficiency, structural economic reform, industrial upgrading and energy pricing. Our objective is to increase shared understanding…

      Dongmei Chen Chen, Dongmei
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      Padu Padmanabhan Padmanabhan, Padu
      19th February 2018
      Achieving growth in Saudi Arabia and China through joint leadership on industrial energy productivity

      Achieving growth in Saudi Arabia and China through joint leadership on industrial energy productivity

      IPEEC Bulletin

      Nicholas Howarth, Dongmei Chen, Fu Guanyun

      2017
      Growth Through Diversification and Energy Efficiency: Energy Productivity in Saudi Arabia
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Growth Through Diversification and Energy Efficiency: Energy Productivity in Saudi Arabia

      Steven Fawkes, Marzio Galeotti, Nicholas Howarth, Moncef Krarti, Alessandro Lanza, Padu Padmanabhan

      With domestic energy demand in Saudi Arabia expected to potentially double by 2030, managing the relationship between energy consumption and economic growth will be very important for the Kingdom’s sustainable development. To assist in this task, this report recommends using…

      Steven Fawkes Fawkes, Steven
      Marzio Galeotti Galeotti, Marzio
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Moncef Krarti Krarti, Moncef
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      Padu Padmanabhan Padmanabhan, Padu
      24th November 2017
      Growth, Investment and the Low-Carbon Transition: A View From Saudi Arabia
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Growth, Investment and the Low-Carbon Transition: A View From Saudi Arabia

      Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Lanza

      A common priority across G20 countries is the need to reinvigorate economies through an economic transformation that delivers a higher level of better quality growth. At KAPSARC, the need to improve economic growth and deliver climate goals agreed at COP21…

      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      31st August 2017
      Evaluating Building Energy Efficiency Investment Options for Saudi Arabia
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Evaluating Building Energy Efficiency Investment Options for Saudi Arabia

      Kankana Dubey, Nicholas Howarth, Moncef Krarti

      This study suggests that energy efficiency programs in buildings can provide up to a 27 percent reduction in electricity consumption and a 30 percent reduction in peak electricity demand for Saudi Arabia. It is well recognized, however, that given the…

      Kankana Dubey Dubey, Kankana
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Moncef Krarti Krarti, Moncef
      26th October 2016
      Energy Productivity in the GCC: Evidence From an International Kuznets Curve Analysis
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Energy Productivity in the GCC: Evidence From an International Kuznets Curve Analysis

      Marzio Galeotti, Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Lanza

      This paper explores energy productivity trends at a national level for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and puts them in an international context. This analysis can be used as part of an evidence base for setting nationally…

      Marzio Galeotti Galeotti, Marzio
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      18th October 2016