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      Saudi Arabia’s CO2 Emissions Steady in 2019 Ahead of Expected 2020 Fall Due to COVID-19

      Saudi Arabia’s CO2 Emissions Steady in 2019 Ahead of Expected 2020 Fall Due to COVID-19

      Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Lanza, Thamir Alshehri, Jan Frederik Braun

      The 2019 data on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions have just been released ahead of an expected large fall in CO2 emissions in 2020 due to the impact of COVID-19. On June 3, Enerdata released its data for Saudi Arabia’s 2019…

      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      Thamir Alshehri Alshehri, Thamir
      Jan Frederik Braun Braun, Jan Frederik
      12th July 2020
      Saudi Arabia’s 2018 CO2 Emissions Fall Faster Than Expected

      Saudi Arabia’s 2018 CO2 Emissions Fall Faster Than Expected

      Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Lanza, Thamir Alshehri

      The Instant Insight published on December 03, 2019 (KS–2019-II16) was based on data downloaded from the following sources: Enerdata Global Energy & CO2 Database (www.enerdata.net), 9 September, 2019 Enerdata EnerDemand Database (www.enerdata.net), 9 September, 2019 Joint Organizations Data Initiative (JODI),…

      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      Thamir Alshehri Alshehri, Thamir
      21st January 2020
      Staying Cool in A Warming Climate: Temperature, Electricity and Air Conditioning in Saudi Arabia

      Staying Cool in A Warming Climate: Temperature, Electricity and Air Conditioning in Saudi Arabia

      MDPI

      As global temperatures warm and populations and incomes rise, the demand for cooling will soar, creating a positive feedback loop between global warming and electricity-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. This study explores the relationship between temperature, electricity, air conditioning (AC)…

      Nicholas Howarth, Natalia Odnoletkova, Thamir Alshehri, Abdulla Almadani, Alessandro Lanza, Tadeusz Patzek

      2020
      What is Behind the Recent Fall in Saudi Arabia’s CO2 Emissions?

      What is Behind the Recent Fall in Saudi Arabia’s CO2 Emissions?

      Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Lanza, Thamir Alshehri

      The International Energy Agency has recently released data showing that in 2018 Saudi Arabia’s carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions fell by 15 million tonnes of CO2 (MtCO2), or 2.7%, from 577 MtCO2 to 562 MtCO2. This is significant as it is…

      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      Thamir Alshehri Alshehri, Thamir
      4th December 2019
      How does Saudi Arabia’s recent energy performance compare with other G20 countries?

      How does Saudi Arabia’s recent energy performance compare with other G20 countries?

      Baltasar Manzano, Rolando Fuentes, Nicholas Howarth

      The 68th annual edition of the BP Statistical Review, released recently, is a comprehensive account and analysis of global energy data. Saudi Arabia will be hosting the G20 summit in 2020, and the release of BP’s annual compilation provides a good opportunity…

      Baltasar Manzano Manzano, Baltasar
      Rolando Fuentes Fuentes, Rolando
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      20th August 2019
      Estimating the Multiple Benefits of Building Energy Efficiency in GCC Countries Using an Energy Productivity Framework
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Estimating the Multiple Benefits of Building Energy Efficiency in GCC Countries Using an Energy Productivity Framework

      Kankana Dubey, Nicholas Howarth, Moncef Krarti

      This report quantifies the direct and key indirect benefits of energy efficiency investment in buildings in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. It summarizes the key insights from individual country studies conducted as part of KAPSARC’s energy productivity project. This analysis indicates that…

      Kankana Dubey Dubey, Kankana
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Moncef Krarti Krarti, Moncef
      14th January 2019
      Toward Economic Prosperity Through Industrial Energy Productivity Improvement
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Toward Economic Prosperity Through Industrial Energy Productivity Improvement

      Dongmei Chen, Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Lanza, Padu Padmanabhan

      In this report, we explore the main trends and policies that relate to industrial energy productivity in China and Saudi Arabia, focusing on energy efficiency, structural economic reform, industrial upgrading and energy pricing. Our objective is to increase shared understanding…

      Dongmei Chen Chen, Dongmei
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      Padu Padmanabhan Padmanabhan, Padu
      19th February 2018
      Achieving growth in Saudi Arabia and China through joint leadership on industrial energy productivity

      Achieving growth in Saudi Arabia and China through joint leadership on industrial energy productivity

      IPEEC Bulletin

      Nicholas Howarth, Dongmei Chen, Fu Guanyun

      2017
      Growth Through Diversification and Energy Efficiency: Energy Productivity in Saudi Arabia
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Growth Through Diversification and Energy Efficiency: Energy Productivity in Saudi Arabia

      Steven Fawkes, Marzio Galeotti, Nicholas Howarth, Moncef Krarti, Alessandro Lanza, Padu Padmanabhan

      With domestic energy demand in Saudi Arabia expected to potentially double by 2030, managing the relationship between energy consumption and economic growth will be very important for the Kingdom’s sustainable development. To assist in this task, this report recommends using…

      Steven Fawkes Fawkes, Steven
      Marzio Galeotti Galeotti, Marzio
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Moncef Krarti Krarti, Moncef
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      Padu Padmanabhan Padmanabhan, Padu
      24th November 2017
      Growth, Investment and the Low-Carbon Transition: A View From Saudi Arabia
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Growth, Investment and the Low-Carbon Transition: A View From Saudi Arabia

      Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Lanza

      A common priority across G20 countries is the need to reinvigorate economies through an economic transformation that delivers a higher level of better quality growth. At KAPSARC, the need to improve economic growth and deliver climate goals agreed at COP21…

      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      31st August 2017
      Evaluating Building Energy Efficiency Investment Options for Saudi Arabia
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Evaluating Building Energy Efficiency Investment Options for Saudi Arabia

      Kankana Dubey, Nicholas Howarth, Moncef Krarti

      This study suggests that energy efficiency programs in buildings can provide up to a 27 percent reduction in electricity consumption and a 30 percent reduction in peak electricity demand for Saudi Arabia. It is well recognized, however, that given the…

      Kankana Dubey Dubey, Kankana
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Moncef Krarti Krarti, Moncef
      26th October 2016
      Energy Productivity in the GCC: Evidence From an International Kuznets Curve Analysis
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Energy Productivity in the GCC: Evidence From an International Kuznets Curve Analysis

      Marzio Galeotti, Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Lanza

      This paper explores energy productivity trends at a national level for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and puts them in an international context. This analysis can be used as part of an evidence base for setting nationally…

      Marzio Galeotti Galeotti, Marzio
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      18th October 2016
      Energy Productivity as a New Growth Model for GCC Countries
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Energy Productivity as a New Growth Model for GCC Countries

      Marzio Galeotti, Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Lanza

      Following the collapse in oil prices, Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries have intensified efforts to find a new growth model which increases the welfare of their citizens, while reducing exposure to volatile energy markets. This paper argues that placing energy…

      Marzio Galeotti Galeotti, Marzio
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      18th October 2016
      Investing for Energy Productivity in the GCC – Financing the Transition
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Investing for Energy Productivity in the GCC – Financing the Transition

      Steven Fawkes, Nicholas Howarth, Moncef Krarti, Padu Padmanabhan

      An unprecedented infrastructure investment boom occurred in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) in the first part of the 21st century. Strong public capital spending supported by high energy prices provided governments with an opportunity to accelerate economic diversification and infrastructure…

      Steven Fawkes Fawkes, Steven
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Moncef Krarti Krarti, Moncef
      Padu Padmanabhan Padmanabhan, Padu
      2nd September 2016
      The implications of carbon dioxide and methane exchange for the heavy mitigation RCP2.6 scenario under two metrics

      The implications of carbon dioxide and methane exchange for the heavy mitigation RCP2.6 scenario under two metrics

      Environmental Science and Policy

      Nicholas Howarth

      2015
      Managing China’s energy productivity potential: what lessons for policy makers
      Regional Energy Markets

      Managing China’s energy productivity potential: what lessons for policy makers

      Nicholas Howarth

      Maximizing the economic welfare extracted from the energy system is a key priority for all governments. This can be measured by a country’s energy productivity. Perhaps nowhere else in the world is this issue more salient than in China. China…

      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      6th October 2014