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      Can Oil Refiners Adjust to a Greater Supply of Shale Oil?
      Future of Global Oil Markets

      Can Oil Refiners Adjust to a Greater Supply of Shale Oil?

      Walid Matar, Rami Shabaneh

      The advent of American shale oil and its prospects for continued production growth have raised concerns about whether oil refineries can handle the increasingly lighter crude oil supply. To provide a perspective on this issue, we run a global oil…

      Walid Matar Matar, Walid
      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      6th January 2021
      World’s First Blue Ammonia Shipment Signals Prospective New Low-Carbon Energy Trade for Saudi Arabia

      World’s First Blue Ammonia Shipment Signals Prospective New Low-Carbon Energy Trade for Saudi Arabia

      Rami Shabaneh, Majed A. Al Suwailem, Jitendra Roychoudhury

      On September 27, 2020, Saudi Aramco successfully exported the world’s first shipment of carbon-neutral ammonia to Japan, helping to fuel the nascent Japanese hydrogen economy. This pilot shipment of 40 tonnes is an important realization of the hydrogen economy for…

      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      Majed A. Al Suwailem Al Suwailem, Majed A.
      Jitendra Roychoudhury Roychoudhury, Jitendra
      26th November 2020
      Can Cooperation Enhance Natural Gas Utilization in the GCC?
      Future of Natural Gas Markets

      Can Cooperation Enhance Natural Gas Utilization in the GCC?

      Rami Shabaneh, Bertrand Rioux, Steve Griffiths

      The last decade saw dramatic changes in the energy sector, including the shale oil and gas boom in the United States (U.S.), a commodity down-cycle, and heightened awareness of the global climate challenge. In response, the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)…

      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      Bertrand Rioux Rioux, Bertrand
      Steve Griffiths Griffiths, Steve
      12th October 2020
      The Prospect of Unconventional Gas Development in Saudi Arabia

      The Prospect of Unconventional Gas Development in Saudi Arabia

      Rami Shabaneh, Majed A. Al Suwailem

      In February 2020, Saudi Aramco announced that it obtained regulatory approval to develop the Jafurah Basin, Saudi Arabia’s largest unconventional natural gas field (Figure 1). Situated east of the giant Ghawar oilfield, it contains 200 trillion cubic feet (tcf) of…

      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      Majed A. Al Suwailem Al Suwailem, Majed A.
      19th April 2020
      Crude Oil and Refined Products
      Future of Natural Gas Markets Future of Global Oil Markets

      Crude Oil and Refined Products

      Rami Shabaneh, Abdullah Aldayel

      The power sector in Saudi Arabia makes up just over half of the natural gas demand in the Kingdom, followed by the industrial sector and non-energy use as a feedstock for petrochemicals.

      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      Abdullah Aldayel Aldayel, Abdullah
      6th April 2020
      U.S.-Iran Tensions and the Waiver Renewal for Iranian Gas Exports to Iraq

      U.S.-Iran Tensions and the Waiver Renewal for Iranian Gas Exports to Iraq

      Majed A. Al Suwailem, Saleh Al Muhanna, Rami Shabaneh

      Following the assassination of Iranian General Qasem Soleimani in Baghdad on January 3, as a result of a United States (U.S.) airstrike, the Iraqi Parliament passed a resolution stating that it “must work to end the presence of any foreign…

      Majed A. Al Suwailem Al Suwailem, Majed A.
      Saleh Al Muhanna Al Muhanna, Saleh
      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      30th January 2020
      Natural Gas Strategies for the Saudi Energy System
      Future of Natural Gas Markets

      Natural Gas Strategies for the Saudi Energy System

      Walid Matar, Rami Shabaneh

      Fuel prices in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia have historically been below international market values. This has stimulated rapid growth in primary energy demand. The Kingdom’s natural gas demand has now outstripped its domestic production, forcing the government to impose…

      Walid Matar Matar, Walid
      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      13th January 2020
      India’s Push to Renegotiate Long-Term LNG Contracts

      India’s Push to Renegotiate Long-Term LNG Contracts

      Kaushik Deb, Rami Shabaneh

      On August 26, 2019, India’s petroleum minister Dharmendra Pradhan announced that he would consider “a review of liquefied natural gas (LNG) prices under [India’s] long-term contracts”. However, Mr. Pradhan did not lay out a timeline for the review and reiterated…

      Kaushik Deb Deb, Kaushik
      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      8th December 2019
      Viability of Seasonal Natural Gas Storage in the Saudi Energy System
      Future of Natural Gas Markets

      Viability of Seasonal Natural Gas Storage in the Saudi Energy System

      Walid Matar, Rami Shabaneh

      Saudi Arabia expects to double its natural gas production within the next decade. This increased domestic supply is expected to meet the demand for gas from Saudi Arabia’s industrial development and, most importantly, to displace liquid fuels in its electricity…

      Walid Matar Matar, Walid
      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      8th December 2019
      Aramco’s LNG strategy: Opportunities and Options
      Future of Natural Gas Markets

      Aramco’s LNG strategy: Opportunities and Options

      Kaushik Deb, Rami Shabaneh

      Saudi Arabia has taken a major step into global gas markets with Saudi Aramco signing a heads of agreement (HoA) with Sempra Energy. The HoA includes a 20-year sales and purchase agreement (SPA) for 5 million tonnes per annum (MTPA)…

      Kaushik Deb Deb, Kaushik
      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      4th December 2019
      Assessing Energy Policy Instruments: LNG Imports Into Saudi Arabia
      Future of Natural Gas Markets

      Assessing Energy Policy Instruments: LNG Imports Into Saudi Arabia

      Rami Shabaneh, Maxime Schenckery

      Natural gas is already playing a prominent role in diversifying Saudi Arabia’s power mix away from a heavy reliance on oil-based fuels. Between 2010 and 2017, the share of natural gas used in power generation in Saudi Arabia grew from…

      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      Maxime Schenckery Schenckery, Maxime
      2nd September 2019
      The Future of Gas in the Gulf: Continuity and Change

      The Future of Gas in the Gulf: Continuity and Change

      Rami Shabaneh, Bassam Fattouh

      This book provides an update the development of natural gas in the Gulf countries nearly ten years after the publication of the OIES Gas Programme book on Natural Gas Markets in the Middle East and North Africa. The book comprises in-depth…

      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      Bassam Fattouh Bassam Fattouh
      15th June 2019
      Potential Effects of Trade Liberalization on China’s Imports of Plastics From the GCC
      Regional Energy Markets

      Potential Effects of Trade Liberalization on China’s Imports of Plastics From the GCC

      Philipp Galkin, Carlo Andrea Bollino, Rami Shabaneh

      Petrochemical products, particularly plastics, contribute to a significant share of expanding and increasingly diverse trade flows between the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries and China. The petrochemical sector could benefit from a preferential bilateral trade regime between China and the…

      Philipp Galkin Galkin, Philipp
      Carlo Andrea Bollino Bollino, Carlo Andrea
      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      4th June 2018
      Identifying the Roadblocks for Energy Access: A Case Study for Eastern Africa’s Gas
      Future of Natural Gas Markets

      Identifying the Roadblocks for Energy Access: A Case Study for Eastern Africa’s Gas

      Rami Shabaneh, Anne-Sophie Corbeau, Fernando Tomas Nhantumbo

      Natural gas resources in Tanzania and Mozambique have emerged as a new source of gas supply. While they are poised for export to global gas markets, they can also provide a key source of energy to the rest of Eastern…

      Rami Shabaneh Shabaneh, Rami
      Anne-Sophie Corbeau Corbeau, Anne-Sophie
      Fernando Tomas Nhantumbo Nhantumbo, Fernando Tomas
      20th May 2018