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      Cost, Emission, and Macroeconomic Implications of Diesel Displacement in the Saudi Agricultural Sector: Options and Policy Insights
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Cost, Emission, and Macroeconomic Implications of Diesel Displacement in the Saudi Agricultural Sector: Options and Policy Insights

      Amro Elshurafa, Hatem Al Atawi, Fakhri Hasanov, Frank Felder

      The Saudi agricultural sector relies on diesel for irrigation, which is provided to farmers at a much lower price than the average global price, implying significant opportunity costs. With the aid of soft-coupled power and macro-econometric models, we assess the…

      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      Hatem Al Atawi Al Atawi, Hatem
      Fakhri Hasanov Hasanov, Fakhri
      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      24th August 2022
      Cross-seasonal Fuel Savings from Load Shifting in the Saudi Industrial Sector
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Cross-seasonal Fuel Savings from Load Shifting in the Saudi Industrial Sector

      Salaheddine Soummane, Amro Elshurafa, Hatem Al Atawi, Frank Felder

      Load shifting, that is, moving demand from peak to off-peak hours, is an important type of demand response. It can reduce the overall operating costs of a power system and improve the reliability of the power grid. This study estimates…

      Salaheddine Soummane Soummane, Salaheddine
      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      Hatem Al Atawi Al Atawi, Hatem
      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      11th April 2022
      Saving Costs and Emissions by Reforming Electricity Prices in Saudi Arabia: A Counterfactual Assessment
      Models, Data and Tools

      Saving Costs and Emissions by Reforming Electricity Prices in Saudi Arabia: A Counterfactual Assessment

      Abdulelah Darandary, Jeyhun Mikayilov, Hatem Al Atawi

      Electricity price reforms are generally regarded as a mechanism to reduce distortions in energy markets, improve energy efficiency, and increase government revenue. However, an additional co-benefit of such policy measures is lowering greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

      Abdulelah Darandary Darandary, Abdulelah
      Jeyhun Mikayilov Mikayilov, Jeyhun
      Hatem Al Atawi Al Atawi, Hatem
      23rd December 2021
      Revisiting the Impact of COVID-19 on the Demand for Transport and Gasoline
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      Revisiting the Impact of COVID-19 on the Demand for Transport and Gasoline

      Nora Nezamuddin, Hatem Al Atawi

      The global outbreak of COVID-19 began in March 2020. As of April 2021, the global caseload has reached over 150 million. Governments globally have introduced various measures in an attempt to contain the virus’s spread. These measures have varied in…

      Nora Nezamuddin Nezamuddin, Nora
      Hatem Al Atawi Al Atawi, Hatem
      24th June 2021
      Assessing the Role of Renewables in Reducing Emissions in the Saudi Power Sector Using Mixed-Integer Optimization
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Assessing the Role of Renewables in Reducing Emissions in the Saudi Power Sector Using Mixed-Integer Optimization

      Amro Elshurafa, Hatem Al Atawi, Salaheddine Soummane, Frank Felder

      Renewable energy (RE) technologies are viewed as a critical means of reducing power sector-related emissions. Using mixed-integer optimization, we evaluate the extent to which renewable energy reduces carbon emissions in the Saudi power sector.

      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      Hatem Al Atawi Al Atawi, Hatem
      Salaheddine Soummane Soummane, Salaheddine
      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      2nd June 2021
      Global Trends in Cloud Computing and Saudi Arabia’s Response

      Global Trends in Cloud Computing and Saudi Arabia’s Response

      Hatem Al Atawi, Amro Elshurafa

      As data centers become operational in the Kingdom, they will be an additional driver of long-term electricity demand. KAPSARC is actively studying these challenges and their implications for the economy by modeling and forecasting electricity demand.

      Hatem Al Atawi Al Atawi, Hatem
      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      2nd June 2021
      The Saudi Move into Hydrogen: A Paradigm Shift

      The Saudi Move into Hydrogen: A Paradigm Shift

      Hatem Al Atawi, Abdulelah Darandary

      Saudi Arabia is moving ahead with its diversification plan, Saudi Vision 2030, by adopting hydrogen. The Kingdom is keen to enable the circular carbon economy (CCE) by producing and utilizing clean hydrogen. On September 27, Saudi Aramco announced its first…

      Hatem Al Atawi Al Atawi, Hatem
      Abdulelah Darandary Darandary, Abdulelah
      6th January 2021
      Regional Heterogeneous Drivers of Electricity Demand in Saudi Arabia
      Models, Data and Tools

      Regional Heterogeneous Drivers of Electricity Demand in Saudi Arabia

      Jeyhun Mikayilov, Abdulelah Darandary, Ryan Alyamani, Fakhri Hasanov, Hatem Al Atawi

      Aggregate residential electricity consumption in Saudi Arabia has increased rapidly over the past several decades, largely due to population increases and fast economic growth (SAMA 2019). The growth in electricity consumption has been driven, among other factors, by government-administered prices…

      Jeyhun Mikayilov Mikayilov, Jeyhun
      Abdulelah Darandary Darandary, Abdulelah
      Ryan Alyamani Alyamani, Ryan
      Fakhri Hasanov Hasanov, Fakhri
      Hatem Al Atawi Al Atawi, Hatem
      13th September 2020
      Social Distancing: The Impact of COVID-19 on Mobility in Saudi Arabia

      Social Distancing: The Impact of COVID-19 on Mobility in Saudi Arabia

      Hatem Al Atawi

      Saudi Arabia took early measures to combat the spread of COVID-19 by enforcing social distancing measures. Figure 1 compares the daily change in mobility1 requests submitted by users of Apple Maps in Saudi Arabia since February 27, 2020 (left axis)…

      Hatem Al Atawi Al Atawi, Hatem
      8th July 2020
      The Impact of COVID-19 on Transport and Gasoline Demand

      The Impact of COVID-19 on Transport and Gasoline Demand

      Hatem Al Atawi, Nora Nezamuddin, Abdulelah Darandary

      In the last few months, the world has experienced the negative effects of COVID-19. The outbreak, which started as an epidemic concentrated in China, quickly spread to become a global pandemic. As of May 12, 2020, there have been over…

      Hatem Al Atawi Al Atawi, Hatem
      Nora Nezamuddin Nezamuddin, Nora
      Abdulelah Darandary Darandary, Abdulelah
      20th May 2020
      Is Saudi Arabia Getting Warmer?
      Electricity Sector Transitions Climate Change Policies and Governance Models, Data and Tools

      Is Saudi Arabia Getting Warmer?

      Nawaz Peerbocus, Hatem Al Atawi, Turki Alaqeel, Abdulrahman AlJulaifi

      According to NASA, the world is getting warmer. Warmer weather increases the demand for cooling, which subsequently increases the demand for electricity. Is Saudi Arabia getting warmer? And how might this impact the demand for electricity in the Kingdom? To…

      Nawaz Peerbocus Peerbocus, Nawaz
      Hatem Al Atawi Al Atawi, Hatem
      Turki Alaqeel Alaqeel, Turki
      Abdulrahman AlJulaifi AlJulaifi, Abdulrahman
      6th April 2020