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      Estimating the Multiple Benefits of Building Energy Efficiency in GCC Countries Using an Energy Productivity Framework
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Estimating the Multiple Benefits of Building Energy Efficiency in GCC Countries Using an Energy Productivity Framework

      Kankana Dubey, Nicholas Howarth, Moncef Krarti

      This report quantifies the direct and key indirect benefits of energy efficiency investment in buildings in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. It summarizes the key insights from individual country studies conducted as part of KAPSARC’s energy productivity project. This analysis indicates that…

      Kankana Dubey Dubey, Kankana
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Moncef Krarti Krarti, Moncef
      14th January 2019
      Growth Through Diversification and Energy Efficiency: Energy Productivity in Saudi Arabia
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Growth Through Diversification and Energy Efficiency: Energy Productivity in Saudi Arabia

      Steven Fawkes, Marzio Galeotti, Nicholas Howarth, Moncef Krarti, Alessandro Lanza, Padu Padmanabhan

      With domestic energy demand in Saudi Arabia expected to potentially double by 2030, managing the relationship between energy consumption and economic growth will be very important for the Kingdom’s sustainable development. To assist in this task, this report recommends using…

      Steven Fawkes Fawkes, Steven
      Marzio Galeotti Galeotti, Marzio
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Moncef Krarti Krarti, Moncef
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      Padu Padmanabhan Padmanabhan, Padu
      24th November 2017
      Growth, Investment and the Low-Carbon Transition: A View From Saudi Arabia
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Growth, Investment and the Low-Carbon Transition: A View From Saudi Arabia

      Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Lanza

      A common priority across G20 countries is the need to reinvigorate economies through an economic transformation that delivers a higher level of better quality growth. At KAPSARC, the need to improve economic growth and deliver climate goals agreed at COP21…

      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      31st August 2017
      Determinants of energy productivity in 39 countries: An empirical investigation

      Determinants of energy productivity in 39 countries: An empirical investigation

      Energy Economics

      This paper uses three types of analysis to investigate the drivers of energy productivity changes occurring in 39 countries during 1995–2009. We find that increases in sectoral energy productivity were the primary driver behind economy-wide energy productivity improvements. Structural economic…

      Tarek Atalla, Patrick Bean

      2017
      Energy Productivity in the GCC: Evidence From an International Kuznets Curve Analysis
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Energy Productivity in the GCC: Evidence From an International Kuznets Curve Analysis

      Marzio Galeotti, Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Lanza

      This paper explores energy productivity trends at a national level for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and puts them in an international context. This analysis can be used as part of an evidence base for setting nationally…

      Marzio Galeotti Galeotti, Marzio
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      18th October 2016
      Energy Productivity as a New Growth Model for GCC Countries
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Energy Productivity as a New Growth Model for GCC Countries

      Marzio Galeotti, Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Lanza

      Following the collapse in oil prices, Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries have intensified efforts to find a new growth model which increases the welfare of their citizens, while reducing exposure to volatile energy markets. This paper argues that placing energy…

      Marzio Galeotti Galeotti, Marzio
      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      18th October 2016
      Policymakers Guide to the Various Ways of Calculating Energy Productivity
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Policymakers Guide to the Various Ways of Calculating Energy Productivity

      Anwar Gasim

      The existence of multiple approaches to calculating energy productivity, with its resulting diverse outcomes, makes it difficult to draw meaningful comparisons between economies and monitor their progress over time. To understand better the implications of this, we conducted a systematic…

      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      13th June 2016
      Determinants of energy productivity: A comparison of 39 countries
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Determinants of energy productivity: A comparison of 39 countries

      Quantifying the determinants of a country’s energy productivity trends answers the fundamental question of whether its economy is becoming more energy productive because of technological and efficiency gains, or whether it is due to structural economic shifts. This paper uses…

      7th May 2015
      Global shift: The energy productivity transformation
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Global shift: The energy productivity transformation

      While their consequences are usually obvious, global shifts are not always apparent until after they have occurred. Most shifts have their roots in local political, technological or economic forces and may interact in some way with the energy system. Globalization…

      6th May 2015
      A global degree days database for energy-related applications
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      A global degree days database for energy-related applications

      Alessandro Lanza

      Weather can have a profound effect on energy consumption, especially extremes of hot and cold temperatures. These variations in particular drive residential and commercial energy demand because space heating and cooling is such an important component. Traditional approaches are customized…

      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      6th April 2015
      Embodied energy in trade: What role does specialization play
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Embodied energy in trade: What role does specialization play

      Anwar Gasim

      In global discussions aimed at limiting greenhouse gas emissions, the national targets set by governments are tied to the energy used or emissions generated within national borders. However, international trade can confuse the accounting. Moving a factory across the border…

      Anwar Gasim Gasim, Anwar
      6th March 2015
      Energy productivity: From policy goal to reality
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Energy productivity: From policy goal to reality

      Energy productivity, at the national level, has emerged as a valuable indicator for a number of reasons. It accommodates economic growth, linking energy use to gross domestic product. It is more than conceptually tied to energy efficiency; seen by policymakers…

      6th February 2015
      Managing China’s energy productivity potential: what lessons for policy makers
      Regional Energy Markets

      Managing China’s energy productivity potential: what lessons for policy makers

      Nicholas Howarth

      Maximizing the economic welfare extracted from the energy system is a key priority for all governments. This can be measured by a country’s energy productivity. Perhaps nowhere else in the world is this issue more salient than in China. China…

      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      6th October 2014
      Energy productivity: aligning global agendas
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      Energy productivity: aligning global agendas

      The well-established link between economic growth and energy usage presents a conundrum for policymakers that can be resolved by focusing on energy productivity to promote greater societal welfare. Energy productivity focuses attention on how energy resources can be put to…

      6th October 2014
      The Case for Energy Productivity: It’s Not Just Semantics
      Productivity and Economic Diversification

      The Case for Energy Productivity: It’s Not Just Semantics

      Ratios that link energy consumption, or its related emissions, to the economic value generated accommodate the differing progress on economic development of nations better than absolute measures. Policymakers are increasingly using indicators such as energy efficiency, intensity, and productivity to…

      6th March 2014