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      Saudi Arabia’s CO2 Emissions Steady in 2019 Ahead of Expected 2020 Fall Due to COVID-19

      Saudi Arabia’s CO2 Emissions Steady in 2019 Ahead of Expected 2020 Fall Due to COVID-19

      Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Lanza, Thamir Alshehri, Jan Frederik Braun

      The 2019 data on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions have just been released ahead of an expected large fall in CO2 emissions in 2020 due to the impact of COVID-19. On June 3, Enerdata released its data for Saudi Arabia’s 2019…

      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      Thamir Alshehri Alshehri, Thamir
      Jan Frederik Braun Braun, Jan Frederik
      12th July 2020
      Green Growth Pathways for Saudi Arabia
      Climate Change Policies and Governance

      Green Growth Pathways for Saudi Arabia

      Green growth emphasizes that positive environmental outcomes can be consistent with economic prosperity and that greater social wellbeing can be achieved through ‘less use, more value’ policies.

      6th April 2020
      The Relentless Politics of Climate Change: The Paris Agreement
      Climate Change Policies and Governance

      The Relentless Politics of Climate Change: The Paris Agreement

      Saleh Al Muhanna, AlJawhara Al Quayid, Nourah Al Hosain

      The Paris Agreement entered into force in November 2016 and, to date, 187 parties have ratified it (UFCCC). The Agreement’s goal is to limit the increase in global temperature to 2 degrees Celsius (°C) above] pre-industrial levels. The Agreement established…

      Saleh Al Muhanna Al Muhanna, Saleh
      AlJawhara Al Quayid Al Quayid, AlJawhara
      Nourah Al Hosain Al Hosain, Nourah
      19th March 2020
      Saudi Arabia’s 2018 CO2 Emissions Fall Faster Than Expected
      Climate Change Policies and Governance

      Saudi Arabia’s 2018 CO2 Emissions Fall Faster Than Expected

      Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Lanza, Thamir Alshehri

      The Instant Insight published on December 03, 2019 (KS–2019-II16) was based on data downloaded from the following sources: Enerdata Global Energy & CO2 Database (www.enerdata.net), 9 September, 2019 Enerdata EnerDemand Database (www.enerdata.net), 9 September, 2019 Joint Organizations Data Initiative (JODI),…

      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      Thamir Alshehri Alshehri, Thamir
      21st January 2020
      What is Behind the Recent Fall in Saudi Arabia’s CO2 Emissions?
      Climate Change Policies and Governance

      What is Behind the Recent Fall in Saudi Arabia’s CO2 Emissions?

      Nicholas Howarth, Alessandro Lanza, Thamir Alshehri

      The International Energy Agency has recently released data showing that in 2018 Saudi Arabia’s carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions fell by 15 million tonnes of CO2 (MtCO2), or 2.7%, from 577 MtCO2 to 562 MtCO2. This is significant as it is…

      Nicholas Howarth Howarth, Nicholas
      Alessandro Lanza Lanza, Alessandro
      Thamir Alshehri Alshehri, Thamir
      4th December 2019
      Achieving Climate Goals by Closing the Loop in a Circular Carbon Economy
      Climate Change Policies and Governance

      Achieving Climate Goals by Closing the Loop in a Circular Carbon Economy

      Eric Williams

      On October 30, the Saudi Minister of Energy, Prince Abdulaziz bin Salman, announced at the Future Investment Initiative that “the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia offers the concept of a circular carbon economy … Such a closed-loop system, much like what…

      Eric Williams Williams, Eric
      7th November 2019
      Are Small Modular Reactors a Good Option for Saudi Arabia?
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Are Small Modular Reactors a Good Option for Saudi Arabia?

      Noura Mansouri

      Since the start of nuclear power in the 1950s, nuclear generation technology has continually transformed and developed. Following the three major nuclear accidents, Three Mile Island, Chernobyl and Fukushima, nuclear power has become more robust, safer and more secure.

      Noura Mansouri Mansouri, Noura
      3rd November 2019
      Finding a Viable Path to Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions
      Climate Change Policies and Governance

      Finding a Viable Path to Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

      Keigo Akimoto, Jun Arima, Mustafa Babiker, Mark Caine, David Hobbs, Eija-Riitta Korhola, Adam Sieminski, Nico Stehr, Hiroyuki Tezuka, Masakazu Toyoda, Eric Williams

      A viable, least-cost pathway to a low greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions future must lie within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Paris Agreement. The rulebook for the Agreement was in many ways rewritten at the 2018 United…

      Keigo Akimoto Keigo Akimoto
      Jun Arima Jun Arima
      Mustafa Babiker Babiker, Mustafa
      Mark Caine Mark Caine
      David Hobbs Hobbs, David
      Eija-Riitta Korhola Eija-Riitta Korhola
      Adam Sieminski Adam Sieminski
      Nico Stehr Nico Stehr
      Hiroyuki Tezuka Hiroyuki Tezuka
      Masakazu Toyoda Masakazu Toyoda
      Eric Williams Williams, Eric
      29th August 2019
      The Political Feasibility of Enhancing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets in the European Union’s Mid-Century Strategy
      Climate Change Policies and Governance

      The Political Feasibility of Enhancing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets in the European Union’s Mid-Century Strategy

      AlJawhara Al Quayid, Saleh Al Muhanna, Paul Mollet

      Article 4.19 of the 2015 Paris Agreement calls on signatories to formulate and communicate “long-term low greenhouse gas development strategies,” widely known as the mid-century strategy (MCS). Any enhancement of the European Union’s (EU’s) targets in its MCS depends on…

      AlJawhara Al Quayid Al Quayid, AlJawhara
      Saleh Al Muhanna Al Muhanna, Saleh
      Paul Mollet Mollet, Paul
      22nd August 2019
      Policy Pathways to Meet Saudi Arabia’s Contribution to the Paris Agreement
      Climate Change Policies and Governance

      Policy Pathways to Meet Saudi Arabia’s Contribution to the Paris Agreement

      David Wogan, Elizabeth Carey, Douglas Cooke

      The 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change fundamentally altered the nature of global climate governance by introducing a new framework based on a bottom-up system of nationally determined contributions (NDCs). As a signatory Party to the Agreement, the Kingdom of…

      David Wogan Wogan, David
      Elizabeth Carey Carey, Elizabeth
      Douglas Cooke Cooke, Douglas
      27th February 2019
      Adaptive Strategies in the Low Carbon Energy Transition
      Future of Global Oil Markets

      Adaptive Strategies in the Low Carbon Energy Transition

      As ‘energy transition’ enters the mainstream lexicon, a new narrative is emerging. The presumption that there is an urgent need to achieve full decarbonization via the elimination of fossil fuels is being tempered by calls to capitalize on the opportunities…

      25th February 2019
      A Comparison of Alternative Programs for Climate Policies
      Climate Change Policies and Governance

      A Comparison of Alternative Programs for Climate Policies

      Tarek Atalla, Simona Bigerna, Carlo Andrea Bollino

      This research paper compares the relative welfare impact of different options for allocating the financing burden of climate change mitigation policies. Focusing on efficient ways to finance policies aimed at climate change mitigation, not only at direct carbon reduction, could…

      Tarek Atalla Atalla, Tarek
      Simona Bigerna Bigerna, Simona
      Carlo Andrea Bollino Bollino, Carlo Andrea
      30th December 2018
      India’s Balancing Act to Address Climate Change Under the Paris Agreement
      Climate Change Policies and Governance Models, Data and Tools

      India’s Balancing Act to Address Climate Change Under the Paris Agreement

      Yagyavalk Bhatt, AlJawhara Al Quayid, Nourah Al Hosain, Paul Mollet

      As an emerging economy, a major part of India’s nationally determined contribution (NDC) under the Paris  Agreement is an emissions intensity target. With its current policies, India is on track to achieve its climate targets under the Agreement. However, the…

      Yagyavalk Bhatt Bhatt, Yagyavalk
      AlJawhara Al Quayid Al Quayid, AlJawhara
      Nourah Al Hosain Al Hosain, Nourah
      Paul Mollet Mollet, Paul
      12th December 2018
      The Politics of European Union Climate Governance
      Climate Change Policies and Governance

      The Politics of European Union Climate Governance

      Paul Mollet, Saleh Al Muhanna, AlJawhara Al Quayid

      The European Union (EU) is facing a critical period as the European Commission draws up a 2050 climate strategy roadmap that is likely to form the basis for the EU’s next nationally determined contribution to the COP21 Paris Agreement. Until recently, the UK was the…

      Paul Mollet Mollet, Paul
      Saleh Al Muhanna Al Muhanna, Saleh
      AlJawhara Al Quayid Al Quayid, AlJawhara
      25th October 2018
      Policy Lessons From China’s CCS Experience
      Climate Change Policies and Governance

      Policy Lessons From China’s CCS Experience

      Xiaoliang Yang, Wolfgang Heidug

      China’s political leadership has taken an increasingly public and proactive stance on climate change since 2014. This includes a commitment that Chinese carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions will peak before 2030 and enacting measures through the 13th Five-Year Plan to support…

      Xiaoliang Yang Yang, Xiaoliang
      Wolfgang Heidug Heidug, Wolfgang
      2nd July 2018
      Vehicle Retirement and Replacement Policy: Assessing Impact and Cost-Effectiveness
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      Vehicle Retirement and Replacement Policy: Assessing Impact and Cost-Effectiveness

      Rubal Dua

      Governments across the world, motivated by air quality improvement or by climate change mitigation goals, are trying to accelerate the turnover of older, higher-emitting vehicles and replace these with lower emission vehicles. One approach is to encourage consumers to scrap…

      Rubal Dua Dua, Rubal
      24th May 2018
      Decarbonizing Oil: The Role of CO2-Enhanced Oil Recovery (CO2‐EOR)
      Future of Global Oil Markets

      Decarbonizing Oil: The Role of CO2-Enhanced Oil Recovery (CO2‐EOR)

      The International Energy Agency (IEA) and KAPSARC co-hosted an expert workshop on the potential of advanced carbon dioxide (CO2 ) enhanced oil recovery (CO2 -EOR) to decarbonize oil production. The workshop focused on the potential for using CO2 -EOR for…

      10th April 2018
      Policy Levers for Promoting Sustainable Mobility
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      Policy Levers for Promoting Sustainable Mobility

      An effective transport policy framework would take into account the costs of rising local pollution, congestion, accidents and global greenhouse gas emissions. The various supply- and demand- side transformations happening in personal mobility provide policymakers with opportunities and challenges for…

      28th February 2018