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      How Can Bilateral Contracts Support Electricity Trade? A Regional Electricity Model Perspective for the GCC Plus Egypt, Jordan, and Iraq
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      How Can Bilateral Contracts Support Electricity Trade? A Regional Electricity Model Perspective for the GCC Plus Egypt, Jordan, and Iraq

      Marie Petitet, Benjamin Ricaud, Frank Felder, Amro Elshurafa

      Cross-border electricity trading in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) can provide cost and environmental benefits. However, for historical reasons, electricity trading has not reached a mature stage in this region. Based on a bespoke economic dispatch model for…

      Marie Petitet Marie Petitet
      Benjamin Ricaud Benjamin Ricaud
      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      11 June 2024
      Assessment of the Potential of Floating Offshore Wind Turbines in the Red Sea
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Assessment of the Potential of Floating Offshore Wind Turbines in the Red Sea

      Ahmed Al-Balawi, Nora Nezamuddin, Frank Felder, Abdelrahman Muhsen, Amro Elshurafa

      Floating offshore wind turbines (FOWTs) have recently gained traction and are being installed in several regions of Europe and Asia. These turbines use the same technology as typical offshore wind turbines but are not directly anchored to the seabed. Instead,…

      Ahmed Al-Balawi Ahmed Al-Balawi
      Nora Nezamuddin Nezamuddin, Nora
      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      Abdelrahman Muhsen Muhsen, Abdelrahman
      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      05 May 2024
      Revitalizing Relationships for the Clean Energy Souk
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Revitalizing Relationships for the Clean Energy Souk

      Jitendra Roychoudhury, Ahmed Al-Balawi, Amro Elshurafa, Marie Petitet

      The GCC countries have been trading for millennia, and energy transition offers new opportunities to revitalize existing trade relationships and form new partnerships driving growth through innovation. Read More Here

      Jitendra Roychoudhury Roychoudhury, Jitendra
      Ahmed Al-Balawi Ahmed Al-Balawi
      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      Marie Petitet Marie Petitet
      18 April 2024
      The Cost of Green Hydrogen Production in Saudi Arabia and Germany: A Model-Based Approach

      The Cost of Green Hydrogen Production in Saudi Arabia and Germany: A Model-Based Approach

      Khalid Alhadhrami, Ahmed Al-Balawi, Shahid Hasan, Amro Elshurafa

      With over seventy countries setting net-zero commitments by or around mid-century, low-carbon hydrogen (H2) is expected to play a pivotal role in the decarbonization of the global economy, especially sectors less dependent on electricity, which are often termed as hard-to-abate…

      Khalid Alhadhrami Alhadhrami, Khalid
      Ahmed Al-Balawi Ahmed Al-Balawi
      Shahid Hasan Hasan, Shahid
      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      25 March 2024
      Trends in Global Solar PV Installation in 2022

      Trends in Global Solar PV Installation in 2022

      Amro Elshurafa

      We briefly comment on global solar PV installations for 2022, and provide insights on the record-breaking trend that this industry has been witnessing for the past 15 years.

      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      21 November 2023
      Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Deployment of Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage Pathways (BECCS) Globally
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Deployment of Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage Pathways (BECCS) Globally

      Muhammad Adnan Hayat, Khalid Alhadhrami, Amro Elshurafa

      Countries are exploring various options to achieve net-zero emissions, including bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS), which is the process of capturing and storing carbon dioxide (CO2) from processes that utilize bioenergy to produce heat, electricity or biofuels. However,…

      Muhammad Adnan Hayat Adnan Hayat, Muhammad
      Khalid Alhadhrami Alhadhrami, Khalid
      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      20 November 2023
      How Can the European Energy Crisis Reshape the Power Sector Reform Endeavors of GCC Countries?
      Future of Transport and Fuel Demand

      How Can the European Energy Crisis Reshape the Power Sector Reform Endeavors of GCC Countries?

      Marie Petitet, Amro Elshurafa, Frank Felder

      Energy prices in Europe have been soaring, and policymakers are trying to find solutions to immediately contain the energy prices for end-consumers and to enhance the market design in the longer term. This paper discusses some of the current events…

      Marie Petitet Marie Petitet
      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      24 October 2023
      Modeling of the Interconnected Middle East and North Africa Electricity System: Including Uncertainties to Better Inform Policymakers
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Modeling of the Interconnected Middle East and North Africa Electricity System: Including Uncertainties to Better Inform Policymakers

      Frank Felder, Marie Petitet, Shahid Hasan, Amro Elshurafa

      The modeling of power systems can bring about insightful quantitative results to inform policymakers. This commentary reviews the literature on modeling the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region’s electricity interconnections and trade in the context of expanding variable and…

      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      Marie Petitet Marie Petitet
      Shahid Hasan Hasan, Shahid
      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      26 September 2023
      Macroeconomic, Energy and Emission Effects of Solar PV Deployment at Utility and Distributed Scales in Saudi Arabia
      Models, Data and Tools

      Macroeconomic, Energy and Emission Effects of Solar PV Deployment at Utility and Distributed Scales in Saudi Arabia

      Amro Elshurafa, Fakhri Hasanov, Lester C. Hunt

      This study assesses the macroeconomic, energy and emissions impacts of solar photovoltaic (PV) deployment in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for the period 2021–2030. This is accomplished by linking an energy and environmental sector augmented macroeconometric model with a power…

      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      Fakhri Hasanov Hasanov, Fakhri
      Lester C. Hunt Hunt, Lester C.
      14 September 2023
      An Overview of Integration Costs of Variable Renewables in the Power Sector
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      An Overview of Integration Costs of Variable Renewables in the Power Sector

      Faris Aljamed, Frank Felder, Amro Elshurafa

      In recent years, the cost of electricity generated by renewables has significantly decreased to the point where it is cost competitive with conventional plants. However, incorporating variable renewable energy (VRE) technologies like wind and solar photovoltaics (PV) into the power…

      Faris Aljamed Aljamed, Faris
      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      4 September 2023
      How Firm Capacity and Forced Outage Rate Assumptions of Renewables Impact Capacity Expansion Model Results
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      How Firm Capacity and Forced Outage Rate Assumptions of Renewables Impact Capacity Expansion Model Results

      Amro Elshurafa, Marie Petitet, Frank Felder

      The undergoing energy transition relies heavily on the deployment of renewables such as solar photovoltaic (PV) and wind power for the generation of electricity. These variable and intermittent resources would modify power systems’ reliability compared to the situation where electricity…

      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      Marie Petitet Marie Petitet
      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      9 March 2023
      Cost, Footprint, and Reliability Implications of Deploying Hydrogen in Off-grid Electric Vehicle Charging Stations: A GIS-assisted Study for Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Cost, Footprint, and Reliability Implications of Deploying Hydrogen in Off-grid Electric Vehicle Charging Stations: A GIS-assisted Study for Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

      Amro Elshurafa, Abdelrahman Muhsen, Frank Felder

      We quantify the cost, footprint and reliability implications of using hydrogen in off-grid electric vehicle charging stations (CS) using an optimization model coupled with a geographical information system (GIS) analysis for the city of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. We also account…

      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      Abdelrahman Muhsen Muhsen, Abdelrahman
      Frank Felder Felder, Frank
      29 January 2023
      Trends in Global Solar PV Installation in 2021
      Electricity Sector Transitions

      Trends in Global Solar PV Installation in 2021

      Amro Elshurafa

      In 2021, global solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity increased by a record 175 gigawatts (GW). This brought the total global cumulative installed PV capacity to around 942 GW at the end of 2021.

      Amro Elshurafa Elshurafa, Amro
      10 October 2022